I have started a more formal chess training program, something that would possibly improve my skills as a chess player and finally getting me into that place where I can fully appreciate the beauty of the game. As part of this program I've watched the Daniel King Power Play DVD Part 1: Mating Patterns, in ChessBase format. It was a well presented material that made for very interesting time. The information contained is aimed at beginners such as myself and presents several chess mating themes, with some puzzles at the end, to test the knowledge gain. I can say that I liked it and I recommend it to other learning chess players as well. However, this post is aimed at summarizing the information, for future reference.

Themes: - Greek Gift
- Lasker Double Bishop sacrifice
- Lawnmower (Double Shotgun) mate
- Bishop See-saw
- H-file Rook distraction
- Knight mate
- Queen in on the pin
- Back rank mate

And then are the

Puzzles.

For each theme I will post pictures with a position, let you think, then give you the opportunity to see the entire PGN. Same with the puzzles. Try to think things through before looking for the solution.

### 1. Greek Gift

##### The opposing king is castled short and you sack a bishop by taking the pawn in front of the enemy king. The king is forced to take, and then a knight check comes, followed by the arrival of the queen.

Netzer, Jean - Guezennec, Franck, 2000 (FRA-chT U20)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "FRA-chT U20"]

[Site "Pau"]

[Date "2000.??.??"]

[Round "7"]

[White "Netzer, Jean"]

[Black "Guezennec, Franck"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "B40"]

[WhiteElo "2025"]

[Annotator "Dan"]

[PlyCount "33"]

[EventDate "2000.??.??"]

[EventType "team-tourn"]

[EventRounds "9"]

[EventCountry "FRA"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2000.11.22"]

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 e6 3. c3 Nf6 4. Bd3 d5 5. e5 Nfd7 6. Bc2 Nc6 7. d4 cxd4 8. cxd4

Bb4+ 9. Nc3 {The basic Greek Gift} O-O 10. Bxh7+ Kxh7 11. Ng5+ Kg8 (11... Kg6 {

How should White continue the attack?} 12. Qg4 $1 (12. h4 $1 Ncxe5 13. dxe5

Nxe5 14. h5+ Kf6 15. Qd4 Qd6 16. Qh4) (12. Qd3+ $1 f5 (12... Kh6 13. Qh7#) 13.

Qg3 (13. exf6+ Kxf6) 13... Qe7 (13... f4 14. Bxf4) 14. O-O (14. Nxe6+ $2 Kf7

15. Nxf8 Nxf8) (14. Qh4 $6 {too early} Ncxe5 15. dxe5 Nxe5) 14... Bxc3 15. bxc3

Rh8 16. Nxe6+ Kh7 17. Nc7 Rb8 18. Bg5 Qf8 19. Rfe1 Nb6 20. e6) 12... f5 (12...

Ndxe5 13. dxe5 Bxc3+ 14. bxc3 Nxe5 15. Qg3 $18 Kf6 16. Nh7+ Ke7 17. Ba3+) (

12... f6 13. Nxe6+ Kf7 14. Nxd8+ $18) 13. Qg3 (13. Qh4 Rh8) (13. exf6 Nxf6 14.

Qg3 Qa5) (13. Nxe6+ fxg4)) (11... Kh6 12. Qg4) (11... Qxg5 $1 12. Bxg5 $18 {

White is winning, but not immediately.}) 12. Qh5 Re8 13. Qxf7+ (13. Qh7+ $2 Kf8

14. Qh8+ Ke7 15. Qxg7) 13... Kh8 14. Qh5+ Kg8 15. Qh7+ Kf8 16. Qh8+ Ke7 17.

Qxg7# 1-0

Hartl, Rainer - Hecht, Christoph, 2000 (Landesliga Sued 0001)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Landesliga Sued 0001"]

[Site "Bayern"]

[Date "2000.??.??"]

[Round "8"]

[White "Hartl, Rainer"]

[Black "Hecht, Christoph"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "C11"]

[WhiteElo "2155"]

[Annotator "Dan"]

[PlyCount "47"]

[EventDate "2000.??.??"]

[EventType "team-tourn"]

[EventRounds "9"]

[EventCountry "GER"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2001.11.25"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. e5 Nfd7 5. f4 c5 6. Nf3 Nc6 7. Be3 Be7 8. Bd3

O-O 9. dxc5 Nxc5 10. Bxc5 Bxc5 11. Bxh7+ Kxh7 12. Ng5+ Kh6 $2 (12... Kg6 $1 13.

Qd3+ (13. Qg4 Nxe5 14. fxe5 Qxg5) (13. h4) 13... f5 (13... Kh6 14. Qh7#) 14.

Qg3 (14. Qh3 Rh8) 14... Qe7 (14... Kh6 15. Qh4+ Kg6 16. Qh7#) 15. Nxe6+ (15.

Qh4 $2 Nxe5 16. Qh7+ Kf6 17. Qh5 (17. fxe5+ $5 Kxe5 $1 (17... Kxg5 18. Rf1 $5)

18. Nf3+ Kd6) 17... Ng6 18. Nh7+ Kf7 19. Ng5+) (15. O-O-O d4 16. Na4 Bb4) 15...

Kf7 16. Nxf8 Kxf8 17. Nxd5 Qf7 18. Rd1 Be6 $132) (12... Kg8 13. Qh5 Re8 14.

Qxf7+ Kh8 15. Qh5+ Kg8 16. Qh7+ Kf8 17. Qh8+ Ke7 18. Qxg7#) (12... Kg8) 13. Qg4

Nxe5 14. Qh4+ (14. fxe5 Qxg5) 14... Kg6 15. Qh7+ Kf6 16. fxe5+ Kxg5 $2 (16...

Ke7 17. Qxg7 Kd7 {at least Black is still on the board.}) 17. Qxg7+ Kh5 18. Ne2

Be3 19. Ng3+ Kh4 20. Qh7+ Bh6 21. Qxh6+ Kg4 22. Qh5+ Kf4 23. Rf1+ Ke3 24. Qg4

1-0

Langrock, Hannes - Gaede, Derek, 2000 (JBLN West 0001)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "JBLN West 0001 "]

[Site "GER"]

[Date "2000.11.26"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Langrock, Hannes"]

[Black "Gaede, Derek"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "C11"]

[WhiteElo "2228"]

[BlackElo "2065"]

[Annotator "Dan"]

[PlyCount "43"]

[EventDate "2000.??.??"]

[EventType "team-tourn"]

[EventRounds "9"]

[EventCountry "GER"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2002.11.25"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. e5 Nfd7 5. f4 c5 6. Nf3 Nc6 7. Be3 Be7 8. Qd2

O-O 9. dxc5 Nxc5 10. O-O-O a6 11. Bd3 b5 12. Bxh7+ Kxh7 13. Bxc5 Bxc5 14. Ng5+

Kg6 (14... Kg8 15. Qd3 Re8 (15... g6 16. Qh3) (15... f5 16. Qh3 Re8 17. Qh7+

Kf8 18. Qh8+ Ke7 19. Qxg7#) 16. Qh7+ Kf8 17. Qh8+ Ke7 18. Qxg7 Rf8 19. Nxd5+

exd5 20. Qf6+ Kd7 21. Rxd5+) 15. Qd3+ f5 16. Qg3 Qe7 17. Nxd5 $1 (17. Nxe6+ Kf7

18. Qxg7+ (18. Nxf8 Qxf8 19. Nxd5 Ra7 20. Rd2 Be6 21. Rhd1 Rd7) (18. Ng5+ Ke8

19. Nxd5 Qb7 20. Nh7 $40) 18... Kxe6 19. Qg6+ Kd7 20. Nxd5 Qe6 21. Qxe6+ Kxe6

22. Nc7+ Kf7 23. Nxa8 Be3+ 24. Kb1 Bxf4 25. Nc7 Bxe5 26. Nd5) (17. Qh4 $1 Be3+

(17... Nxe5 18. Qh7+ Kf6 19. fxe5+ Kxg5 20. Rd3 Kf4 21. Re1 Qg5 22. Qh3 Qg4 23.

g3+ Kg5 24. Qh7 $18) 18. Kb1 Bxf4 19. Qh7+ Kxg5 20. h4+ Kg4 21. Qg6+ Bg5 22.

hxg5 Qxg5 23. Qh7 $18) 17... exd5 18. Rxd5 Nd4 19. Re1 Nxc2 (19... Bb7 20. Rxc5

) 20. Qh4 Rh8 21. Qxh8 Qxg5 22. Qe8+ 1-0

Polugaevsky, Lev - Tal, Mihail,1969 (URS-ch37)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "URS-ch37"]

[Site "Moscow"]

[Date "1969.09.07"]

[Round "2"]

[White "Polugaevsky, Lev"]

[Black "Tal, Mihail"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "D41"]

[Annotator " "]

[PlyCount "73"]

[EventDate "1969.09.??"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "22"]

[EventCountry "URS"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. c4 Nf6 2. Nc3 e6 3. Nf3 d5 4. d4 c5 5. cxd5 Nxd5 6. e4 Nxc3 7. bxc3 cxd4 8.

cxd4 Bb4+ 9. Bd2 Bxd2+ 10. Qxd2 O-O 11. Bc4 Nc6 (11... Nd7 12. O-O Nf6 13. Rfe1

b6 14. a4 Bb7 15. Bd3 Rc8 16. a5 $14 {Yusupov,A-Elson,J/San Pisafort/1981/1:0

(67)}) 12. O-O b6 13. Rad1 Bb7 14. Rfe1 Na5 (14... Ne7 15. d5 exd5 16. exd5 Nf5

$14) (14... Rc8 15. d5 exd5 (15... Na5 16. Bd3 exd5 17. e5 $44) 16. Bxd5 Qc7

17. Qg5 h6 18. Qg4 $14) 15. Bd3 Rc8 16. d5 exd5 (16... Qd6 $5 17. dxe6 (17. Qe2

e5 $14) 17... fxe6 18. Bb5 $1 $14) 17. e5 $1 Nc4 (17... Qe7 18. Nd4 $16) (17...

h6 18. Qf4 Nc6 19. Qf5 g6 20. Qg4 $16 {Popov,N-Rumiancev,G/URS/1978/}) 18. Qf4

Nb2 (18... h6 19. Qf5 g6 20. Qh3 Kg7 21. e6 $16) 19. Bxh7+ $1 Kxh7 20. Ng5+ Kg6

(20... Kg8 21. Qh4 Re8 22. Qh7+ Kf8 23. e6) 21. h4 $3 Rc4 (21... f5 22. Rd4 $1

Rh8 (22... Qe7 23. Re3 Kh5 24. Rg3 Rc4 25. Rxc4 dxc4 26. Ne6 Nd3 27. Rxg7 Nxf4

28. Nxf4+ Kh6 29. Rxe7 $18) 23. g4 fxg4 24. Qf7+ Kh6 25. Qe6+ Kh5 26. Qxg4+ Kg6

27. Ne6+) (21... Qd7 22. e6 fxe6 23. Qg4 Rf6 24. Nxe6+ Kh6 25. Re5 g6 26. Qg5+

$18) (21... Nxd1 22. h5+ Kxh5 23. g4+ Kg6 24. Qf5+ Kh6 25. Nxf7+ (25. Qh7+ Kxg5

26. Qh5+ Kf4 27. Qf5#) 25... Rxf7 26. Qh5#) 22. h5+ Kh6 (22... Kxh5 23. g4+)

23. Nxf7+ Kh7 24. Qf5+ (24. Nxd8 Rcxf4) 24... Kg8 25. e6 $1 $18 Qf6 $8 (25...

Qe7 26. h6 $1 $18) 26. Qxf6 gxf6 27. Rd2 (27. Nd6 Nxd1 28. e7 Rc1 29. exf8=Q+

Kxf8 30. Nxb7 $132) 27... Rc6 $1 28. Rxb2 Re8 $6 (28... Bc8 29. e7 Re8 30. Nd8

Rc7 31. Rd2 Rcxe7 32. Rxe7 Rxe7 33. Rxd5 $16) 29. Nh6+ Kh7 30. Nf5 Rexe6 31.

Rxe6 Rxe6 32. Rc2 Rc6 33. Re2 $18 Bc8 (33... Rc7 34. Re6) 34. Re7+ Kh8 35. Nh4

f5 36. Ng6+ Kg8 37. Rxa7 1-0

Colle, Edgar - O'Hanlon, John,1930 (Nice)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Nice"]

[Event "Nice"]

[Site "Nice"]

[Date "1930.??.??"]

[Round "9"]

[White "Colle, Edgar"]

[Black "O'Hanlon, John"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "D05"]

[Opening "Colle"]

[Variation "5.c3 Nbd7"]

[TimeControl "600"]

[Termination "normal"]

[PlyCount "41"]

[WhiteType "human"]

[BlackType "human"]

1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. e3 c5 4. c3 e6 5. Bd3 Bd6 6. Nbd2 Nbd7 7. O-O O-O 8.

Re1 Re8 9. e4 dxe4 10. Nxe4 Nxe4 11. Bxe4 cxd4 {#} 12. Bxh7+ {$6 This

should end in a draw.} (12. cxd4) 12. .. Kxh7 13. Ng5+ Kg6 {Black could

have saved the game by playing} (13. .. Kg8 14. Qh5 (14. Qd3 Nf6) 14. ..

Ne5 $1 (14. .. Nf6 15. Qxf7+ Kh8 16. Re4 {$1 $18} Nxe4 17. Qh5+ Kg8 18.

Qh7+ Kf8 19. Qh8+ Ke7 20. Qxg7#) (14. .. Qf6 $5 15. Qh7+ Kf8 16. Ne4 Qe5

17. f4 Qd5 18. c4 Qc6 19. Qh8+ Ke7 20. Qxg7 {White has a dangerous

attack...but still very unclear, for example:} Bb4 21. f5 Kd8 22. Bg5+ Kc7

23. Qxf7 Bxe1 24. Rxe1 Rf8 25. Qxe6 Qxe6 26. fxe6 Nb6 27. e7 Rh8 28. Nf6

Bd7 29. Re4 $36) 15. Rxe5 (15. Qh7+ {DK} Kf8 16. Qh8+ Ke7 17. Qxg7 Rg8 $19)

15. .. Bxe5 16. Qxf7+ Kh8 17. b3 a5 (17. .. Qf6 18. Qxe8+) (17. .. Bd6 18.

Qh5+ Kg8 19. Qh7+ Kf8 20. Qh8+ Ke7 21. Qxg7#) 18. Qh5+ Kg8 19. Qh7+ Kf8 20.

Ba3+ Re7 (20. .. Bd6 21. Qh8+ Ke7 22. Qxg7#) 21. Qh8#) 14. h4 (14. Qd3+ 14.

.. f5) (14. Qg4 Nf6 (14. .. f5)) 14. .. Rh8 {$2 A mistake, but Black was

already in trouble even after the best reply - 14...f5} (14. .. f5 15. h5+

(15. Nxe6 Qxh4 $19) 15. .. Kf6 16. Qxd4+ Be5 (16. .. Ne5 17. f4) 17. Qh4

{DK:} Ke7 (17. .. Qa5 18. b4 Qd5 19. Bb2 b5 20. c4 Qxc4 21. Bxe5+ Nxe5 22.

Ne4+ Kf7 23. Nd6+) (17. .. Qb6 18. Nf3+ Kf7 19. Nxe5+ Nxe5 20. Rxe5) 18.

Bf4 $1 Bxf4 (18. .. Bf6 19. Rxe6+ Kf8 20. Bd6+ Kg8 21. Qc4 $18) 19. Nxe6+)

15. Rxe6+ {#} (15. Qd3+ $2 f5 16. Rxe6+ Nf6) 15. .. Nf6 (15. .. fxe6 16.

Qd3+ Kh5 (16. .. Kf6 17. Qf3+ Ke7 18. Qf7#) 17. g4+ Kxg4 18. Qf3+ Kxh4 19.

Qh3#) 16. h5+ (16. Qd3+) 16. .. Kh6 (16. .. Rxh5 17. Qd3+ Kh6 18. Qh7#) 17.

Rxd6 Qa5 18. Nxf7+ Kh7 19. Ng5+ Kg8 (19. .. Kh6 20. Ne4+ Kh7 21. Nxf6+ gxf6

22. Qd3+ f5 23. Rh6+ Kg8 24. Qc4+ Kg7 25. Rg6+ Kf8 26. Bh6+ Rxh6 27. Qg8+

Ke7 28. Re1+ Kd7 29. Qf7+ Kd8 30. Rg8#) 20. Qb3+ Kf8 21. Qf7# 1-0

Thesing, Matthias - Borngaesser, Rene,1984 (NRW-ch)

Black to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "NRW-ch"]

[Site "Bad Oeynhausen"]

[Date "1984.??.??"]

[Round "2"]

[White "Thesing, Matthias"]

[Black "Borngaesser, Rene"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "C14"]

[PlyCount "76"]

[EventDate "1984.10.??"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventCountry "GER"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2000.11.22"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Be7 5. e5 Nfd7 6. Bxe7 Qxe7 7. f4 O-O 8.

Nf3 c5 9. Bd3 cxd4 10. Bxh7+ Kxh7 11. Ng5+ Qxg5 12. fxg5 dxc3 13. Qd3+ Kg8 14.

Qxc3 Nc6 15. O-O-O Ndxe5 16. h4 Ng4 17. Qg3 f5 18. gxf6 Nxf6 19. Rhf1 Rf7 20.

h5 Ne7 21. h6 Nf5 22. Qg6 Nxh6 23. Rh1 Nfg4 24. Rd4 e5 25. Rxd5 Bf5 26. Qg5 Rc8

27. Rd8+ Rxd8 28. Qxd8+ Kh7 29. Re1 Bg6 30. Qd2 Rc7 31. c3 Rf7 32. Re2 Rf1+ 33.

Re1 Rf2 34. Re2 e4 35. Qe1 e3 36. a3 Bd3 37. Rxe3 Rc2+ 38. Kd1 Nxe3+ 0-1

Toulzac, Pierre Yves - Sokolov, Andrei,2000 (Mulhouse IM)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Mulhouse IM"]

[Site "Mulhouse"]

[Date "2000.??.??"]

[Round "9"]

[White "Toulzac, Pierre Yves"]

[Black "Sokolov, Andrei"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "E12"]

[WhiteElo "2260"]

[BlackElo "2565"]

[Annotator "Dan"]

[PlyCount "44"]

[EventDate "2000.??.??"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "10"]

[EventCountry "FRA"]

[EventCategory "4"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2002.11.25"]

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nf3 b6 4. a3 Bb7 5. Nc3 d5 6. cxd5 Nxd5 7. Qc2 Be7 8. e4

Nxc3 9. bxc3 O-O 10. Bd3 c5 11. Qe2 Qc8 12. Kf1 Ba6 13. c4 cxd4 14. e5 Nd7 15.

h4 Nc5 16. Bxh7+ Kxh7 17. Ng5+ Kg8 (17... Bxg5 $2 18. hxg5+ Kg8 19. Qh5 f6 20.

g6 $18) 18. Kg1 (18. Qh5 Bxc4+ 19. Kg1 Bd3) (18. Qh5 Bxc4+ 19. Kg1 Bd3) 18...

Bb7 19. Qg4 (19. Qh5 Be4) 19... f6 20. Qh5 Be4 21. Nxe4 Nxe4 22. Qg6 Nc3 0-1

### 2. Lasker Double Bishop Sacrifice

##### The light bishop is sacrificed just like in the Greek Gift, the queen comes around to check, then the dark bishop is sacrificed as well for the pawn in front of the enemy king. The mate is achieved by a rook lift.

Lasker, Emanuel - Bauer, Johann Hermann, 1889 (Amsterdam)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Amsterdam"]

[Site "Amsterdam"]

[Date "1889.08.26"]

[Round "1"]

[White "Lasker, Emanuel"]

[Black "Bauer, Johann Hermann"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "A03"]

[Annotator " "]

[PlyCount "75"]

[EventDate "1889.08.??"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "9"]

[EventCountry "NED"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

{This section contains one of the finest combinations of the young Lasker, which later served as a model bishop pair sacrifice and got many enemy Kings killed.} 1. f4 d5 2. e3 Nf6 3. b3 e6 4. Bb2 Be7 5. Bd3 b6 6.

Nf3 Bb7 7. Nc3 Nbd7 8. O-O O-O 9. Ne2 c5 10. Ng3 Qc7 11. Ne5 Nxe5 12. Bxe5 Qc6

13. Qe2 a6 {After a very passive game for Black in the opening the White pieces are ready to attack. Lasker begins the crucial charge.} 14. Nh5 Nxh5 (14... d4 15. Bxf6 Bxf6 16. Qg4 Kh8 (16... e5 17. Be4 $1

) 17. Rf3 Rg8 18. Bxh7 $1) 15. Bxh7+ $1 (15. Qxh5 f5 {achieves nothing.}) 15... Kxh7 16. Qxh5+ Kg8 17. Bxg7 $3 {These days, Lasker might want to get this idea copyrighted} Kxg7 18. Qg4+ Kh7 (18... Kf6 19. Qg5#) 19. Rf3 e5 20. Rh3+ Qh6 21.

Rxh6+ Kxh6 {Black has narrowly escaped mate, but} 22. Qd7 $1 {wins a piece and the game.} Bf6 23. Qxb7 Kg7 24. Rf1 Rab8 25. Qd7 Rfd8 26. Qg4+ Kf8 27. fxe5

Bg7 28. e6 Rb7 29. Qg6 f6 30. Rxf6+ Bxf6 31. Qxf6+ Ke8 32. Qh8+ Ke7 33. Qg7+

Kxe6 34. Qxb7 Rd6 35. Qxa6 d4 36. exd4 cxd4 37. h4 d3 38. Qxd3 1-0

Koenig - Cornforth, 1952 (London)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "London"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "1952.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Koenig"]

[Black "Cornforth"]

[Result "1-0"]

[Annotator "King"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "r1q2rk1/1b2bppp/p1p1p3/4B3/PP6/3B3P/2P1QPP1/R2R2K1 w - - 0 21"]

[PlyCount "27"]

[EventDate "1952.??.??"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

21. Bxh7+ Kxh7 22. Qh5+ Kg8 23. Bxg7 Kxg7 24. Ra3 $1 {The rook prepares to

swing over to the kingside.} Qc7 25. Rd7 $1 Bd6 (25... Qxd7 26. Rg3+ Kf6 27.

Qg5#) 26. Qg5+ Kh7 27. Rxc7 Bxc7 28. Qe7 Rac8 29. Rf3 $1 {Black is so tied up

that there is no defence to the relatively slow invasion of the rook.} c5 30.

Qh4+ Kg7 31. Qg5+ Kh8 32. Rf6 Be4 33. Rh6+ Bh7 34. Qh5 1-0

Dizdarevic, Emir - Miles, Anthony , 1985 (Biel MTO op)

Black to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Biel MTO op"]

[Site "Biel"]

[Date "1985.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Dizdarevic, Emir"]

[Black "Miles, Anthony J"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "E14"]

[WhiteElo "2425"]

[BlackElo "2570"]

[Annotator "2 bishops sac/rook lift (Lasker)"]

[PlyCount "36"]

[EventDate "1985.07.??"]

[EventType "swiss"]

[EventRounds "11"]

[EventCountry "SUI"]

[Source "Chess Today"]

[SourceDate "2005.04.23"]

1. c4 b6 2. d4 e6 3. Nf3 Nf6 4. e3 Bb7 5. Bd3 d5 6. b3 Bd6 7. O-O O-O 8. Bb2

Nbd7 9. Nbd2 Ne4 10. Qc2 f5 11. Rad1 Nxd2 12. Nxd2 (12. Rxd2 dxc4 13. bxc4 Bxf3

14. gxf3) 12... dxc4 13. Nxc4 {Diagram #} Bxh2+ $1 14. Kxh2 Qh4+ 15. Kg1 Bf3 $3

{The key move!} (15... Bxg2 16. f3 (16. Kxg2 Qg4+ 17. Kh2 Rf6) 16... Qh1+ (

16... Bxf1 17. Rxf1 (17. Bxf1) 17... Rf6 18. Rf2) 17. Kf2 Bxf1 18. Rxf1 Qh2+

19. Ke1) 16. Nd2 (16. a4 Qg4 17. g3 Qh3) (16. gxf3 Qg5+ 17. Kh2 Rf6) 16... Bxg2

$1 17. f3 (17. Kxg2 Qg4+ 18. Kh1 Rf6 19. Qxc7 e5 $19) 17... Rf6 18. Nc4 Bh3 0-1

Jonkman, Harmen - Espig, Lutz, 1998 (Chemnitz op)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Chemnitz op"]

[Site "Chemnitz GER"]

[Date "1998.??.??"]

[Round "7"]

[White "Jonkman, Harmen"]

[Black "Espig, Lutz"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "B22"]

[WhiteElo "2315"]

[BlackElo "2405"]

[Annotator "h-file Q sac plus quiet move cf Diz-Miles"]

[PlyCount "55"]

[EventDate "1998.??.??"]

[EventType "swiss"]

[EventRounds "9"]

[EventCountry "GER"]

[Source "Chess Today"]

[SourceDate "2005.05.30"]

1. e4 c5 2. c3 d5 3. exd5 Qxd5 4. d4 e6 5. Nf3 Nf6 6. Nbd2 Nc6 7. Bc4 Qd8 8.

Nb3 cxd4 9. Nbxd4 Nxd4 10. Nxd4 a6 11. Qe2 Be7 12. Bf4 Bd7 13. O-O O-O 14. Rad1

Qc8 15. Rfe1 Re8 16. Be5 b5 17. Bd3 Ra7 18. Qf3 Qa8 19. Qh3 g6 20. Re3 Nh5 21.

g4 Ng7 22. Be4 Qc8 23. Qh6 Bf8 {#} 24. Rh3 Nh5 25. Qxh7+ $1 Kxh7 26. Rxh5+ Bh6

27. Bf6 $1 $18 (27. g5 $6 f5 28. Rxh6+ Kg8 29. Rxg6+ Kf8 30. Bf3 $40) 27... Rh8

28. Rxh6+ (28. Rxh6+ Kxh6 29. Rd3 Qc5 30. Rh3+ Qh5 31. Rxh5+ gxh5 32. g5#) 1-0

### 3. Lawnmower (Double Shotgun) mate

##### Two rooks or a rook and a queen push the enemy king to the margin of the board, taking rank after rank or file after file until the king is mated

King, Daniel J - Krasenkow, Michal, 1989 (GMA Baleares op)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "GMA Baleares op"]

[Site "Palma de Mallorca"]

[Date "1989.??.??"]

[Round "8"]

[White "King, Daniel J"]

[Black "Krasenkow, Michal"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "C80"]

[WhiteElo "2495"]

[BlackElo "2505"]

[PlyCount "67"]

[EventDate "1989.12.??"]

[EventRounds "9"]

[EventCountry "ESP"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Nxe4 6. d4 b5 7. Bb3 d5 8. dxe5

Be6 9. Be3 Nc5 10. c3 Nxb3 11. axb3 Bg4 12. Bf4 Be7 13. Na3 O-O 14. h3 Bh5 15.

Nc2 Qd7 16. Ne3 Rfd8 17. g4 Bg6 18. Nd4 Nxd4 19. cxd4 c5 20. Qd2 c4 21. b4 Qe8

22. Nf5 Bxf5 23. gxf5 Qd7 24. Qc2 Bxb4 25. Kh2 f6 26. Rg1 Kh8 27. Rg4 Rg8 28.

Rag1 fxe5 29. dxe5 d4 30. Qe4 Raf8 31. f6 gxf6 32. e6 Qd8 (32... Qe7 33. Bh6)

33. Qxh7+ Kxh7 34. Rh4# 1-0

Tkachiev, Vladislav - Watson, William N, 1993 (London Lloyds)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "London Lloyds"]

[Site "London"]

[Date "1993.??.??"]

[Round "7"]

[White "Tkachiev, Vladislav"]

[Black "Watson, William N"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "B52"]

[WhiteElo "2455"]

[BlackElo "2550"]

[PlyCount "52"]

[EventDate "1993.08.??"]

[EventType "swiss"]

[EventRounds "10"]

[EventCountry "ENG"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bb5+ Bd7 4. Bxd7+ Qxd7 5. c4 Nf6 6. Nc3 Nc6 7. O-O e6 8.

d4 cxd4 9. Nxd4 Be7 10. b3 O-O 11. Bb2 Rfd8 12. Re1 a6 13. Nxc6 Qxc6 14. Rc1

Qe8 15. a4 Rac8 16. Qe2 Nd7 17. Rcd1 Nc5 18. Qc2 Qc6 19. Re3 Bf6 20. Nd5 exd5

21. exd5 Qd7 22. Bxf6 gxf6 23. Rg3+ Kh8 24. Qxh7+ (24. Rh3 $2 f5 25. Qc3+ f6

26. Qxf6+ Qg7) 24... Kxh7 25. Rd4 Qh3 26. Rxh3+ (26. gxh3) 26... Kg7 1-0

Watson, William N - Merriman, John, 1993 (London Lloyds)

Black to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "London Lloyds"]

[Site "London"]

[Date "1993.??.??"]

[Round "10"]

[White "Watson, William N"]

[Black "Merriman, John"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "C17"]

[WhiteElo "2550"]

[BlackElo "2235"]

[PlyCount "83"]

[EventDate "1993.08.??"]

[EventType "swiss"]

[EventRounds "10"]

[EventCountry "ENG"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "1997.11.17"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. e5 c5 5. Bd2 Ne7 6. f4 cxd4 7. Nb5 Bxd2+ 8.

Qxd2 O-O 9. Nf3 Nbc6 10. Bd3 Qb6 11. O-O-O Bd7 12. Nbxd4 f5 13. exf6 Rxf6 14.

Kb1 Nxd4 15. Nxd4 Nc6 16. Nf3 Nb4 17. g3 Rc8 18. Rhe1 Be8 19. Ne5 Rc5 20. Qe3

Nxd3 21. Nxd3 Rb5 22. Qxb6 Rxb6 23. Ne5 Rd6 24. Re3 Rf8 25. Ra3 a6 26. Rb3 b6

27. Rc3 Bb5 28. Rd4 Rb8 29. Rc7 a5 30. Kc1 Rdd8 31. g4 g6 32. a4 Be8 33. g5 b5

34. axb5 Rxb5 35. Ng4 Rdb8 36. Nf6+ Kf8 37. Nxh7+ Kg8 38. Nf6+ Kf8 39. Nh7+ Kg8

40. Nf6+ Kf8 41. f5 gxf5 42. Rh4 1-0

Bologan, V. - Van Haastert, E., 2005 (21st ECC)

Black moves h5, White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "21st ECC"]

[Site "Saint Vincent ITA"]

[Date "2005.09.18"]

[Round "1"]

[White "Bologan, V."]

[Black "Van Haastert, E."]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "B90"]

[WhiteElo "2700"]

[BlackElo "2398"]

[Annotator "lawn-mower"]

[PlyCount "83"]

[EventDate "2005.09.18"]

[Source "Chess Today"]

[SourceDate "2005.09.21"]

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 a6 6. Be3 e5 7. Nf3 Be7 8. Bc4

O-O 9. O-O Be6 10. Qe2 Re8 11. Rfd1 Qc7 12. Bb3 Nbd7 13. Bg5 Rac8 14. Rac1 h6

15. Bxf6 Nxf6 16. Nh4 Bg4 17. f3 Qc5+ 18. Kh1 Be6 19. g3 Nd7 20. Ng2 Nb6 21.

Rd3 Nc4 22. Rb1 b5 23. Nd5 Bg5 24. c3 Be7 25. Nge3 Bf8 26. Rdd1 Red8 27. Bxc4

bxc4 28. b3 cxb3 29. axb3 Qb5 30. c4 Qb7 31. b4 g6 32. b5 h5 {#} 33. f4 exf4

34. gxf4 axb5 35. f5 Bxd5 36. Nxd5 Bg7 37. Rg1 Kh7 38. Rxb5 Qa7 39. fxg6+ fxg6

{#} 40. Qxh5+ $1 (40. Nf6+ Bxf6 41. Qxh5+ Kg8 42. Qxg6+ Bg7 43. Rh5 Rc7 44.

Qe6+ Rf7 (44... Kf8 45. Rh8+ Bxh8 46. Rg8#) 45. Rxg7+ Kxg7 46. Qh6+ Kg8 47.

Qh8#) 40... gxh5 (40... Kg8 41. Qxg6) 41. Nf6+ $1 Bxf6 42. Rxh5# 1-0

### 4. Bishop See-saw

##### The queen has caught the enemy king at the corner of the board, his only escape blocked and continuously harassed by a bishop that gobbles all the pieces on its color and then gives mate.

From Nimzowitsch's book My System

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "?"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "????.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Nimzowitsch"]

[Black "?"]

[Result "1-0"]

[Annotator "My System"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "4r1k1/5p2/R5BQ/5p2/4p3/3n4/b1n4K/br6 w - - 0 1"]

[PlyCount "25"]

1. Bh7+ Kh8 2. Bxf5+ Kg8 3. Bh7+ Kh8 4. Bxe4+ Kg8 5. Bh7+ Kh8 6. Bxd3+ Kg8 7.

Bh7+ Kh8 8. Bxc2+ Kg8 9. Bh7+ Kh8 10. Bxb1+ Kg8 11. Rg6+ fxg6 12. Bxa2+ Re6 13.

Bxe6# 1-0

King, Daniel J - Kuijf, Marinus, 1982 (Amsterdam)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Amsterdam"]

[Site "Amsterdam"]

[Date "1982.??.??"]

[Round "2"]

[White "King, Daniel J"]

[Black "Kuijf, Marinus"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "C05"]

[WhiteElo "2430"]

[BlackElo "2370"]

[Annotator "rook lift/discovered check"]

[PlyCount "67"]

[EventDate "1982.07.??"]

[EventType "swiss"]

[EventRounds "9"]

[EventCountry "NED"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nd2 Nf6 4. e5 Nfd7 5. Ngf3 c5 6. c3 Nc6 7. Bd3 Qb6 8. O-O

cxd4 9. cxd4 Nxd4 10. Nxd4 Qxd4 11. Nf3 Qb6 12. Qa4 Qb4 13. Qc2 Qc5 14. Qe2 Be7

15. Be3 Qc7 16. Rac1 Qd8 17. Rc3 O-O 18. Qc2 f5 19. exf6 Nxf6 20. Bd4 Bd6 21.

Ne5 Bd7 22. f4 Rc8 23. Nxd7 Qxd7 24. Bxf6 gxf6 25. Bxh7+ Kh8 26. Rff3 d4 27.

Rh3 Rxc3 (27... dxc3 28. Bf5+ Kg8 (28... Kg7 29. Rh7+) 29. Bxe6+ Qxe6 30. Qg6#)

28. bxc3 Rb8 29. Bf5+ Kg8 30. Rh7 d3 (30... Qc8 31. Bxe6+ Qxe6 32. Qg6+ Kf8 33.

Qg7+ Ke8 34. Rh8+ $18) 31. Bxd3 Bc5+ 32. Kh1 Qd6 33. Qe2 Kf8 34. Qh5 1-0

### 5. H-file Rook Distraction

##### The enemy king seems safe, as your pieces appear uncoordinated, but here comes a suicidal rook bringing the king into the open and ready to be slaughtered.

Polgar, J. - Berkes, F., 2003 (Hunguest Hotels)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Hunguest Hotels"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "2003.04.??"]

[Round "7"]

[White "Polgar, J."]

[Black "Berkes, F."]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "C11"]

[PlyCount "47"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 dxe4 5. Nxe4 Be7 6. Bxf6 Bxf6 7. Nf3 O-O 8.

Qd2 Nd7 9. O-O-O Be7 10. Bd3 b6 11. Neg5 h6 12. Bh7+ Kh8 13. Be4 hxg5 14. g4 (

14. Bxa8 g4) 14... Rb8 15. h4 g6 (15... gxh4 16. g5) 16. hxg5+ Kg7 17. Qf4 Bb7

(17... Rh8 18. Rxh8 Qxh8 19. Ne5 Qe8 20. Rh1) 18. Rh7+ Kxh7 19. Qh2+ (19. Rh1+

Kg7) 19... Kg8 (19... Kg7 20. Qh6+ Kg8 21. Rh1) 20. Rh1 Bxg5+ 21. Nxg5 Qxg5+

22. f4 Qxf4+ 23. Qxf4 Bxe4 24. Qxe4 1-0

Kuemin, Simon - Cebalo, Miso, 2003 (Biel MTO)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Biel MTO"]

[Site "Biel"]

[Date "2003.08.01"]

[Round "11"]

[White "Kuemin, Simon"]

[Black "Cebalo, Miso"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "B06"]

[WhiteElo "2399"]

[BlackElo "2510"]

[PlyCount "61"]

[EventDate "2003.07.19"]

[EventType "swiss"]

[EventRounds "11"]

[EventCountry "SUI"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2003.09.04"]

1. d4 g6 2. e4 Bg7 3. Nc3 c5 4. dxc5 Qa5 5. Nf3 Qxc5 6. Nd5 Qa5+ 7. Bd2 Qd8 8.

Bc3 Bxc3+ 9. Nxc3 d6 10. Bc4 Nc6 11. Qd2 Nf6 12. O-O-O Bg4 13. Ng5 O-O 14. f3

Bd7 15. h4 Na5 16. Bb3 Nxb3+ 17. cxb3 h6 18. g4 Qa5 19. Nh3 Rac8 20. Kb1 Kg7

21. g5 hxg5 22. hxg5 Nh5 23. Nf4 Nxf4 24. Qxf4 Be6 25. Rh6 (25. Rh7+ Kxh7 26.

Rh1+ (26. Qh2+ Kg7 27. Rh1 (27. Qh6+ Kg8 28. Rh1) 27... Rh8) 26... Kg7) 25...

Rh8 26. Qh4 f6 27. gxf6+ exf6 28. Rh1 g5 29. Rh7+ Rxh7 30. Qxh7+ Kf8 31. Qh8+

1-0

Kudrin, Sergey - King, Daniel J, 1988 (London NWYM)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "London NWYM"]

[Site "London"]

[Date "1988.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Kudrin, Sergey"]

[Black "King, Daniel J"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "B15"]

[WhiteElo "2545"]

[BlackElo "2520"]

[Annotator "Rh7 sac / Qf7 "]

[PlyCount "41"]

[EventDate "1988.??.??"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "9"]

[EventCountry "ENG"]

[EventCategory "10"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Nf6 5. Nxf6+ exf6 6. c3 Bd6 7. Bd3 O-O 8.

Qc2 Re8+ 9. Ne2 g6 10. h4 Be6 11. h5 f5 12. hxg6 fxg6 13. Bh6 Nd7 14. g4 Bd5

15. O-O-O Bxh1 16. Rxh1 Bf8 17. Bd2 fxg4 18. Qb3+ Kg7 19. Rxh7+ Kxh7 20. Qf7+

Kh8 21. Nf4 1-0

Sorensen, Arne - Marciano, David, 1988 (Tecklenburg op)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Tecklenburg op"]

[Site "Tecklenburg"]

[Date "1988.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Sorensen, Arne"]

[Black "Marciano, David"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "B13"]

[PlyCount "49"]

[EventDate "1988.??.??"]

[EventType "swiss"]

[EventCountry "GER"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2001.11.25"]

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 cxd5 4. Bd3 Nc6 5. c3 Nf6 6. Bf4 Bg4 7. Qb3 Qc8 8.

Nd2 e6 9. Ngf3 Be7 10. O-O O-O 11. Ne5 Bh5 12. Qc2 Bd6 13. Rae1 Qc7 14. Bg3 Bg6

15. Nxg6 hxg6 16. Bxd6 Qxd6 17. Nf3 a6 18. Ne5 b5 19. a3 Rab8 20. f4 Na5 21.

Re3 Nc4 22. Rh3 Rfc8 23. Bxc4 bxc4 24. Rh8+ Kxh8 25. Nxf7+ 1-0

Kuzmin, Gennadi P - Zhuravliov, Valerij, 1992 (St Petersburg)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "St Petersburg"]

[Site "St Petersburg"]

[Date "1992.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Kuzmin, Gennadi P"]

[Black "Zhuravliov, Valerij"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "B13"]

[WhiteElo "2530"]

[BlackElo "2485"]

[Annotator "Danny"]

[PlyCount "55"]

[EventDate "1992.06.??"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "11"]

[EventCountry "RUS"]

[EventCategory "10"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 cxd5 4. Bd3 Nc6 5. c3 Nf6 6. Nf3 Bg4 7. Bf4 e6 8. Qb3

Qc8 9. Nbd2 Be7 10. O-O O-O 11. Ne5 Bh5 12. Qc2 Bg6 (12... Bd6 13. Nxc6 (13.

Rae1 Qc7 14. Re3 Rac8 15. Qb1 Bg6 16. Nxg6 Bxf4 17. Nxf8 Bxe3 18. Bxh7+ Kxf8

19. fxe3 Ng4 20. Nf3 Nxe3 21. Re1 Ng4 22. Bd3 Na5 23. Bb5 a6 24. Bf1 Nc4 25.

Bxc4 Qxc4 26. Qh7 Nf6 27. Qh8+ Ke7 28. Qxg7 Rg8 29. Qh6 Qxa2 30. Qf4 Qxb2 31.

Ne5 Qxg2# {0-1 Fischer,R-Hummer,J/Charlottesville 2000/EXT 2001 (31)}) 13...

Qxc6 14. Bxd6 Qxd6 15. f4 Bg6 16. Bxg6 fxg6 17. g3 b5 18. Rfe1 Rac8 19. a3 Rfe8

20. Qd3 Rb8 21. Rec1 Rec8 22. b4 Qc6 23. h3 a6 24. Nb3 Nd7 25. Ra2 Ra8 26. Re2

Ra7 27. Re3 Re8 28. Qe2 Nf8 29. Nc5 Rae7 30. a4 Nd7 31. axb5 axb5 32. Nxd7 Rxd7

33. Ra1 Rb7 34. h4 Qc4 35. Qxc4 dxc4 36. g4 Kf7 37. Re5 Rb6 38. Ra5 Reb8 39.

Kf2 R8b7 40. Ke3 Kf6 41. Rc5 h6 42. Ke4 Kf7 43. Ra8 Rd6 44. Ke5 Rdb6 45. g5 Rd7

46. Rcc8 Rd5+ 47. Ke4 Rb7 48. Rf8+ Ke7 49. Rg8 Kd6 50. Ra6+ Kc7 51. Rxg7+ Kb8

52. gxh6 Rh5 53. Rxg6 Rxh4 54. Rg8+ Kc7 55. Rg7+ Kb8 56. Rxe6 Rh1 57. Reg6 Re1+

58. Kf5 Rh1 59. Rxb7+ Kxb7 60. Kf6 Kc6 61. Kg7+ Kd5 62. h7 Ke4 63. h8=Q Rxh8

64. Kxh8 Kd3 65. f5 Kxc3 66. f6 Kxd4 67. f7 c3 68. f8=R c2 69. Rc8 Kd3 70. Rd6+

Ke4 71. Rxc2 Ke5 72. Kg7 Kxd6 73. Kf6 Kd5 74. Rc5+ Kd4 75. Rxb5 Kc4 76. Rb8 Kd5

77. b5 Kc5 78. Ke7 Kd5 79. Kd7 Kc5 80. Kc7 {1-0 Boyd,K-Grainger,S/NZL 1992/EXT

97 (80)}) (12... b5 13. h3 Qb7 14. g4 Bg6 15. Nxg6 hxg6 16. Nf3 Rfd8 17. Qe2 a6

18. a3 Na5 19. Rae1 Nc4 20. Ne5 Nd6 21. Nxg6 Nfe4 22. Nxe7+ Qxe7 23. f3 Nf6 24.

h4 Nfe8 25. h5 a5 26. h6 b4 27. hxg7 {1-0 Perelshteyn,E-Von Krogh,C/USA 1996/

EXT 2001 (27)}) (12... a6 13. Rae1 Bg6 14. Bxg6 hxg6 15. Qd3 Nxe5 16. Bxe5 Rd8

17. h3 b5 18. Rc1 Qb7 19. Rc2 Rac8 20. b4 Nd7 21. Bg3 Nb6 22. Nb3 Nc4 23. Nc5

Qc6 24. Ra1 a5 25. a3 Ra8 26. Rca2 Ra7 27. Qe2 Rda8 28. Bf4 Bf6 29. Nd3 axb4

30. axb4 Qb6 31. Nc5 {1/2-1/2 Pelt,A-Bohne,L/Deidesheim 2000/EXT 2002 (31)})

13. Nxg6 (13. Bxg6 $6 hxg6 14. Rac1 a6 15. Rfe1 b5 16. a3 Qb7 17. Ndf3 Rfc8 18.

Nxc6 Qxc6 19. Ne5 Qb7 20. Qe2 a5 21. g4 b4 22. axb4 axb4 23. f3 bxc3 24. bxc3

Ba3 25. Rb1 Qe7 26. Rb3 Bd6 27. Reb1 Bxe5 28. Bxe5 Qd7 29. Qb2 Qc6 30. Rc1 Qc4

31. Kf2 Nd7 32. Bd6 Rc6 33. Ra3 Rac8 34. Qb4 Qd3 35. Qb2 Qc4 36. Qb4 {1/2-1/2

Piotrowski,L-Sowa,B/Slask 1996/EXT 2001 (36)}) 13... hxg6 14. Nf3 (14. Rfe1 Nh5

15. Be5 $6 Nxe5 16. dxe5 Nf4 17. Bf1 d4 18. Qe4 dxc3 19. Qxf4 cxd2 20. Qxd2 Qd8

21. Qe2 Qb6 22. g3 Rfd8 23. Red1 Bc5 24. Bg2 Bd4 25. Rab1 Qc7 26. Rbc1 Qb6 27.

b3 Rd7 28. Kh1 Rad8 29. f4 Qa5 30. Bf3 g5 31. Rd3 gxf4 32. gxf4 Bc5 33. Be4

Rxd3 34. Bxd3 Rd4 35. Rc4 Qd8 36. Bc2 b6 37. Rxd4 Qxd4 38. Qf1 g6 39. h4 Qd2

40. Bd3 Bf2 41. h5 Bg3 42. Be2 Qxf4 43. Qg2 gxh5 44. Bc4 Qf2 {0-1 Barglowski,

F-Sypnicki,D/Zakopane 2001/EXT 2002 (44)}) 14... Qd7 (14... a6 15. Qe2 Nh5 16.

Be3 Qc7 17. g3 Rfc8 18. Ng5 e5 19. dxe5 Nxe5 20. Nf3 Nc4 21. Bd4 Re8 22. Rfe1

Nf6 23. Qc2 Bc5 24. Kg2 {1/2-1/2 Wygle,S-Cooper,T/Chicago 1997/EXT 2000 (24)})

(14... Nh5 15. Be5 (15. Be3 Qc7 16. g3 Rfc8 17. Qe2 Bd6 18. Rae1 Nf6 19. Bc1

Rd8 20. Bb1 Na5 21. h4 Nc4 22. Kg2 b5 23. Bg5 Re8 24. Ne5 Ne4 25. f3 Nxg5 26.

hxg5 Bxe5 27. dxe5 Red8 28. b3 Na3 29. Bd3 Qxc3 30. Rc1 Qd4 31. Rh1 b4 32. Rh4

Qb6 33. Qd2 Rac8 34. Rch1 Kf8 35. Rxb4 Qc7 36. Qf4 Ke7 37. Ra4 Nc2 38. Ba6 Rb8

39. Rc1 Qc3 40. Kf2 Kd7 41. Rd1 Rh8 42. Kg1 Qc5+ {0-1 Gheorghe,C-Khusnutdinova,

L/Halkidiki 2001/EXT 2002 (42)}) 15... a6 16. Rfe1 b5 17. Re3 Nf6 18. h3 b4 19.

Ng5 Nxe5 20. dxe5 Nd7 21. Nxf7 Rxf7 22. Bxg6 Rf4 23. g3 Rc4 24. Rd1 Nf8 25. Rf3

Ra7 26. Bf7+ Kh8 27. Qe2 Bg5 28. cxb4 Rac7 29. h4 Re4 {0-1 Prasca Sosa,R-Da

Silva,E/Rio de Janeiro 1999/EXT 2001 (29)}) (14... Qd8 15. Rfe1 (15. Rae1 Bd6

16. Bxd6 Qxd6 17. Ne5 Rac8 18. Qe2 Ne7 19. f4 Nd7 20. Rf3 Nxe5 21. fxe5 Qd8 22.

g4 Nc6 23. Qf2 g5 24. Rf1 Qe7 25. Qe3 Nb8 26. Rh3 g6 27. Rf6 {1-0 Malbran,

G-Recoulat,E/Trenque Lauquen 2000/EXT 2002 (27)}) 15... Nh5 16. Bd2 g5 17. g3

Rc8 18. Qd1 g6 19. a3 Ng7 20. g4 Bf6 21. Be3 e5 22. dxe5 Nxe5 23. Nxe5 Bxe5 24.

Qd2 Bf6 25. Bxa7 b6 26. Qe3 d4 27. cxd4 Bxd4 28. Qe7 Bxb2 29. Rad1 Qxe7 30.

Rxe7 Bxa3 31. Rb7 Rc1 32. Rxc1 Bxc1 {1/2-1/2 Listiak,J-Stanko,I/SVK 2000/EXT

2002 (32)}) 15. Qe2 Rfe8 16. Rad1 a6 17. Bc2 Bd6 18. Bxd6 Qxd6 19. Ne5 b5 20.

f4 Rec8 21. Rd3 b4 22. Rh3 bxc3 23. Rh8+ Kxh8 24. Nxf7+ Kg8 25. Nxd6 Nxd4 26.

Qe5 cxb2 27. Nxc8 Rxc8 28. Bd3 1-0

### 6. Knight Mate

##### Mates with the knights, whether in conjunction with other pieces or with other knights.

Kotronias, Vasilios - King, Daniel J, 1990 (New York WFW)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "New York WFW"]

[Site "New York"]

[Date "1990.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Kotronias, Vasilios"]

[Black "King, Daniel J"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "B12"]

[WhiteElo "2510"]

[BlackElo "2560"]

[Annotator "King"]

[PlyCount "53"]

[EventDate "1990.09.??"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "9"]

[EventCountry "USA"]

[EventCategory "11"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 Bf5 4. Nc3 Qb6 5. Bd3 {5.Bd3 N. Not a bad move -

white has the more comfortable position.} Bxd3 6. Qxd3 e6 7. Nge2 Nd7 8. O-O

Ne7 9. a4 c5 {9...a5 was more prudent.} 10. a5 Qc6 11. dxc5 Nxe5 12. Qg3 N5g6

13. Nd4 Qxc5 14. Be3 e5 15. Ndb5 Qc6 16. a6 b6 17. Rad1 d4 18. Qh3 Nc8 {18...

f6 was the last chance.} 19. Bxd4 Nd6 20. Rfe1 Nxb5 21. Bxe5 Be7 22. Nxb5 O-O

23. Nd4 Qc5 24. b4 Qc4 (24... Qxb4 25. Nc6 Qc5 26. Nxe7+ Nxe7 27. Bd6) 25. Nf5

Bxb4 26. Qh6 gxh6 27. Nxh6# 1-0

Wheeler, G. - Povah, N., 1977 (London)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "London"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "1977.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Wheeler, G."]

[Black "Povah, N."]

[Result "0-1"]

[Annotator "Dan"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "r3r1k1/pbp2pp1/1p1p3p/3nn3/2PBB3/1PP3Pq/P1Q1PP1P/3R1RK1 w - - 0 18"]

[PlyCount "6"]

[EventDate "1996.??.??"]

18. Bg2 $2 (18. cxd5 Ng4 19. Rfe1 Qxh2+ 20. Kf1 Bc8 $1) 18... Qxg2+ 19. Kxg2

Nf4+ 20. Kg1 Nh3# 0-1

De Musset, A. - study

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "?"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "1849.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "De Musset, A."]

[Black "mate in three"]

[Result "1-0"]

[Annotator "2 Ns"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "1n2k1K1/7R/8/4N3/6N1/8/8/8 w - - 0 1"]

[PlyCount "5"]

1. Rd7 Nxd7 2. Nc6 {and Nf6 mate} Nc5 3. Nf6# 1-0

Clemenz - Eisenschmidt, 1862 (Dorpat)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Dorpat"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "1862.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Clemenz"]

[Black "Eisenschmidt"]

[Result "1-0"]

[Annotator "2 Ns"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "r2n1k1r/ppp1n2p/4QN2/4p1N1/3b4/q7/P4PPP/R3R1K1 w - - 0 1"]

[PlyCount "3"]

1. Qf7+ Nxf7 2. Ne6# 1-0

Dumpor, Atif - Kosic, Dragan, 2001 (Ajvatovica IM)

Black to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Ajvatovica IM"]

[Site "Donji Vakuf"]

[Date "2001.06.17"]

[Round "4"]

[White "Dumpor, Atif"]

[Black "Kosic, Dragan"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "D30"]

[WhiteElo "2301"]

[BlackElo "2508"]

[Annotator "2 Ns mate"]

[PlyCount "62"]

[EventDate "2001.06.15"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "9"]

[EventCountry "BIH"]

[EventCategory "5"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2001.07.03"]

1. c4 e6 2. Nf3 d5 3. d4 c6 4. Qc2 Nf6 5. g3 dxc4 6. Qxc4 b5 7. Qc2 Bb7 8. Bg2

Nbd7 9. O-O c5 10. Rd1 Qb6 11. a4 a6 12. axb5 axb5 13. Rxa8+ Bxa8 14. Nbd2 Be7

15. dxc5 Bxc5 16. e3 O-O 17. Nb3 Be4 18. Qe2 Qb7 19. Na5 Qa8 20. Bd2 b4 21. Nc4

Rc8 22. Ne1 Bxg2 23. Nxg2 Qa6 24. Rc1 Bf8 25. Qf1 Ne4 26. Be1 Ne5 27. b3 Nf3+

28. Kh1 Qa2 29. Qd3 Qxf2 (29... Nxf2+ 30. Bxf2 Qxf2 31. Rf1) 30. Bxb4 (30. Bxf2

Nxf2#) 30... Qxg3 31. hxg3 Nxg3# (31... Nf2#) 0-1

Kortschnoj, Viktor - Karpov, Anatoly, 1978 (World Championship 29th)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "World Championship 29th"]

[Site "Baguio City"]

[Date "1978.08.26"]

[Round "17"]

[White "Kortschnoj, Viktor"]

[Black "Karpov, Anatoly"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "E47"]

[WhiteElo "2665"]

[BlackElo "2725"]

[Annotator "Dan"]

[PlyCount "80"]

[EventDate "1978.07.??"]

[EventType "match"]

[EventRounds "32"]

[EventCountry "PHI"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. c4 Nf6 2. Nc3 e6 3. d4 Bb4 4. e3 O-O 5. Bd3 c5 6. d5 b5 7. dxe6 fxe6 8. cxb5

a6 9. Nge2 d5 10. O-O e5 11. a3 axb5 12. Bxb5 Bxc3 13. bxc3 Ba6 14. Rb1 Qd6 15.

c4 d4 16. Ng3 Nc6 17. a4 Na5 18. Qd3 Qe6 19. exd4 cxd4 20. c5 Rfc8 21. f4 Rxc5

22. Bxa6 Qxa6 23. Qxa6 Rxa6 24. Ba3 Rd5 25. Nf5 Kf7 26. fxe5 Rxe5 27. Rb5 Nc4

28. Rb7+ Ke6 29. Nxd4+ Kd5 30. Nf3 Nxa3 31. Nxe5 Kxe5 32. Re7+ Kd4 33. Rxg7 Nc4

34. Rf4+ Ne4 35. Rd7+ Ke3 36. Rf3+ Ke2 37. Rxh7 Ncd2 38. Ra3 Rc6 39. Ra1 $2 (

39. g3 $1 Nf3+ 40. Kg2 Ne1+ 41. Kh1 Rf6 (41... Nf2+ 42. Kg1 Nf3+ 43. Rxf3) 42.

h4 Nf2+ 43. Kg1 Nf3+ 44. Rxf3 Kxf3 45. Kh2 $11) (39. h4 $2 Rc1+ 40. Kh2 Nf1+

41. Kh3 Nf2#) 39... Nf3+ 40. Kh1 (40. gxf3 Rg6+ 41. Kh1 Nf2#) 40... Nf2# 0-1

### 7. Queen in on the pin

##### The queen comes right next to the enemy king, where the poor protecting pieces are pinned by some other piece. The opposing king is stuck between his pieces and the troublesome queen.

Tatai, Stefano - Kortschnoj, Viktor, 1978 (Beersheba)

Black to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Beersheba"]

[Site "Beersheba"]

[Date "1978.??.??"]

[Round "6"]

[White "Tatai, Stefano"]

[Black "Kortschnoj, Viktor"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "C01"]

[WhiteElo "2455"]

[BlackElo "2665"]

[PlyCount "30"]

[EventDate "1978.02.??"]

[EventRounds "13"]

[EventCountry "ISR"]

[EventCategory "8"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 exd5 4. Bd3 c5 5. Nf3 Nc6 6. Qe2+ Be7 7. dxc5 Nf6 8.

h3 O-O 9. O-O Bxc5 10. c3 Re8 11. Qc2 Qd6 12. Nbd2 Qg3 (12... Bxh3 $5 13. Ng5

$5 (13. gxh3 $2 Qg3+ 14. Kh1 Qxh3+ 15. Kg1 Ng4 $19)) 13. Bf5 (13. Nb3 Bxh3 14.

Ne1 Ng4) 13... Re2 14. Nd4 Nxd4 (14... Nxd4 15. cxd4 Bxd4) 15. fxg3 Nxc2+ 0-1

King, Daniel J - Costa, Jean Luc, 1987 (Bern)

From here, Black will move Ne4, then White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Bern"]

[Site "Bern"]

[Date "1987.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "King, Daniel J"]

[Black "Costa, Jean Luc"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "C41"]

[WhiteElo "2475"]

[BlackElo "2320"]

[Annotator "Qg6"]

[PlyCount "45"]

[EventDate "1987.02.??"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "11"]

[EventCountry "SUI"]

[EventCategory "7"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "1996.11.15"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. Ng5 d5 5. exd5 h6 6. Nf3 e4 7. Qe2 Be7 8. Ne5

Qd6 9. d4 exd3 10. cxd3 O-O 11. Nc3 a6 12. Bf4 Qd8 13. a4 Nbd7 14. O-O Bd6 15.

d4 Nb6 16. Bb3 Bb4 17. Qf3 Bxc3 18. bxc3 Nbxd5 19. Bd2 c6 20. a5 Nc7 21. Qg3

Ne4 22. Qg6 Nxd2 23. Bxf7+ (23. Bxf7+ Kh8 24. Qd3) 1-0

Fazekas - Spielmann, 1938 (Prague)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Prague"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "1938.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Fazekas"]

[Black "Spielmann"]

[Result "1-0"]

[Annotator "Qh6 pin/rook sac"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "6k1/pp3pp1/1b4p1/8/1P6/P2p1q2/1B1QrP1P/2R3K1 w - - 0 1"]

[PlyCount "7"]

1. Rc8+ Kh7 2. Rh8+ Kxh8 3. Qh6+ Kg8 4. Qxg7# 1-0

Peredy - Malanca, 2003 (Budapest)

Black to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Budapest"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "2003.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Peredy"]

[Black "Malanca"]

[Result "0-1"]

[Annotator "Qh3 pin/rook sac"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "6k1/3q1pp1/p6p/2R5/3rb3/6BP/PP2QPP1/6K1 b - - 0 1"]

[PlyCount "7"]

1... Rd1+ 2. Kh2 Rh1+ 3. Kxh1 Qxh3+ 4. Kg1 Qxg2# 0-1

### 8. Back rank mate

##### The poor enemy king is attacked and there is nowhere to go because of his own protectors.

Wolff, Patrick G - King, Daniel J, 1989 (London WFW)

White moves Rab1, Black to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "London WFW"]

[Site "London"]

[Date "1989.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Wolff, Patrick G"]

[Black "King, Daniel J"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "C08"]

[WhiteElo "2485"]

[BlackElo "2500"]

[PlyCount "48"]

[EventDate "1989.05.??"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "13"]

[EventCountry "ENG"]

[EventCategory "10"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nd2 c5 4. Ngf3 Nf6 5. exd5 exd5 6. Bb5+ Bd7 7. Bxd7+ Nbxd7

8. O-O Be7 9. dxc5 Nxc5 10. Nd4 Qd7 11. N2f3 O-O 12. Ne5 Qc7 13. Bf4 Qb6 14.

Nf5 Bd8 15. Qf3 Nce4 16. c4 dxc4 17. Rfe1 Qxb2 18. Nxc4 Qb5 19. Ncd6 Nxd6 20.

Bxd6 Re8 21. Be7 Bxe7 22. Nxe7+ Kh8 23. Rab1 Rxe7 24. Rxe7 (24. Rxb5 Rxe1#)

24... Qxb1+ 0-1

Rovner - Kamyshev, 1947 (Moscow)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Moscow"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "1947.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Rovner"]

[Black "Kamyshev"]

[Result "1-0"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "1r1r2k1/2q2ppp/p3b3/4p3/1p2P3/5B2/PPPR1QPP/3R3K w - - 0 1"]

[PlyCount "5"]

[EventDate "1947.??.??"]

1. Qa7 (1. Qc5 $2 Qxc5 2. Rxd8+ Qf8) 1... Qa5 (1... Qxa7 2. Rxd8+) (1... Rxd2

2. Qxc7) 2. Qxa6 Qc7 (2... Qxa6 3. Rxd8+) 3. Qa7 1-0

Capablanca - Fonaroff, 1918 (New York - casual)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "New York (casual)"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "1918.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Capablanca"]

[Black "Fonaroff"]

[Result "1-0"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "5rk1/ppq2ppp/2p5/4bN2/8/6Q1/PPP2PPP/3R2K1 w - - 0 1"]

[PlyCount "7"]

1. Nh6+ Kh8 2. Qxe5 (2. Nxf7+ Qxf7 3. Qxe5 Qxf2+ 4. Kh1 Qf1+ 5. Rxf1 Rxf1#)

2... Qxe5 3. Nxf7+ Kg8 4. Nxe5 1-0

Alden - Nilsson, 1972 (Sweden)

Black to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Sweden"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "1972.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Alden"]

[Black "Nilsson"]

[Result "0-1"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "3r3k/5Bpp/Q4R2/4p3/4q3/8/6PP/7K b - - 0 1"]

[PlyCount "5"]

{Black to play} 1... Qc6 (1... Rd1+ 2. Rf1) (1... Qb1+ 2. Rf1) (1... gxf6 2.

Qxf6#) 2. Rxc6 (2. Qxc6 Rd1+) (2. Rf1 Qxa6) 2... Rd1+ 3. Qf1 Rxf1# 0-1

Adams, Michael - Giorgadze, Giorgi, 1997 (FIDE-Wch k.o.)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "FIDE-Wch k.o."]

[Site "Groningen"]

[Date "1997.12.11"]

[Round "2.1"]

[White "Adams, Michael"]

[Black "Giorgadze, Giorgi"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "C95"]

[WhiteElo "2680"]

[BlackElo "2625"]

[Annotator "back-rank"]

[PlyCount "85"]

[EventDate "1997.12.09"]

[EventType "k.o."]

[EventRounds "7"]

[EventCountry "NED"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "1998.04.09"]

{A nice game by Michael Adams, even though he gave his opponent a chance to

come back in the game at one point (32.Nd2?). When Giorgadze missed his

opportunity, Adams concluded the game in grand style.} 1. e4 {Ftacnik} e5 2.

Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 O-O 8. h3 d6 9. c3 Nb8

10. d4 Nbd7 11. Nbd2 Bb7 12. Bc2 Re8 13. Nf1 Bf8 14. Ng3 g6 15. a4 c5 16. d5 c4

17. Bg5 h6 18. Be3 Nc5 19. Qd2 h5 20. Bg5 Be7 21. Ra3 (21. Bh6 {Ftacnik} Bf8

22. Bg5 Be7 23. Ra3 Rb8 24. Bh6 Bc8 25. axb5 axb5 26. Be3 h4 27. Nxh4 Nfxe4 28.

Nxe4 Nxe4 29. Bxe4 Bxh4 30. g3 Be7 31. h4 f5 32. Bg2 Bf6 {Georgiev,K-Beliavsky,

A/EU-chT 1989/1/2-1/2 (71)}) 21... Rb8 (21... Nfd7 22. Bxe7 Qxe7 23. Rea1 Kg7

24. axb5 axb5 25. Rxa8 Rxa8 26. Rxa8 Bxa8 $11 {1/2-1/2 Tatai,S-Dorfman,J/Texta

1988/CBM 09 (36)}) 22. Rea1 (22. Qe3 Nh7 $1 {Exchanging the black-squared B:s

usually makes the defence easier for Black in this line.} (22... Bc8 23. axb5

axb5 24. Rea1 Nh7 25. Bxe7 Rxe7 26. Nd2 Rc7 27. b4 cxb3 28. Nxb3 Bd7 29. Nxc5

Rxc5 {1/2-1/2 Ebeling,M-Valkesalmi,K/Espoo 1988/ (53)}) 23. Bxe7 Qxe7 24. Rea1

Bc8 25. axb5 axb5 26. Nd2 Rb7 (26... h4 27. Ngf1 Nf6 28. b4 cxb3 29. Nxb3 Nxb3

30. Rxb3 Nh5 {1/2-1/2 Southam,D-Southam,T/Toronto2 1990/ (33)}) 27. Ra5 h4 28.

Ngf1 f5 29. exf5 gxf5 30. f4 Nf6 $132 {1/2-1/2 Kavalek,L-Spassky,B/Turin 1982/

MCD-r8 (56)} (30... Nf6 {Ftacnik} 31. fxe5 Nxd5 32. Qh6 Qxe5 33. Nf3 Qf4 34.

Qg6+ {1/2-1/2 Kavalek,L-Spassky,B/Turin 1982/ (56)})) (22. axb5 axb5 23. Be3 (

23. Ra7 Nh7 24. Be3 Qb6 25. Rea1 Ra8 26. Rxa8 {1/2-1/2 Marjanovic,S-Balashov,Y/

Tirnavia 1989/CBM 12}) 23... Bf8 24. Qe2 Bc8 25. Nd2 Bd7 26. Rea1 $14 {1-0

Dimitrov,V-Gullaksen,E/EU-chT 1992/EU-chT (55)}) 22... h4 $2 {This weakens the

Black K-side too much. Ftacnik: The first independent move in the game is

probably false, white will get good chances for kingside attack.} (22... Nh7 {

Ftacnik} 23. Be3 Bf6 24. Ne2 Nf8 25. Nc1 Nfd7 26. axb5 axb5 27. b4 cxb3 28.

Nxb3 Qc7 29. Nxc5 Nxc5 30. Qe2 Bc8 31. Ra7 Qd8 32. R1a5 {1-0 Topalov,V-Van der

Sterren,P/Antwerp op 1997/ (54)}) 23. Bxh4 (23. Nxh4 {Ftacnik} Nfxe4 (23...

Nxd5 24. Bxe7 Nxe7 25. axb5 axb5 26. Nf3 $16) 24. Nxe4 Nxe4 25. Bxe7 Qxe7 26.

Bxe4 Qxh4 $11) 23... Nfxe4 24. Nxe4 Nxe4 (24... Bxh4 {Ftacnik} 25. Nxc5 dxc5

26. axb5 axb5 27. Nxh4 Qxh4 28. Ra7 $16) 25. Bxe4 Bxh4 26. axb5 axb5 27. Ra5

Bc8 (27... Ra8 28. Rxa8 Bxa8 29. Qh6 (29. Nxh4 {Ftacnik} Qxh4 30. Bf3 $14) (29.

Rxa8 Bxf2+ 30. Qxf2 Qxa8 31. g4 $14) 29... Bf6 30. Bxg6 fxg6 31. Qxg6+ Bg7 32.

Ng5 Bxd5 33. Rd1 $18) 28. Ra7 Bf6 (28... Rb7 $5 {Ftacnik} 29. Rxb7 Bxb7 30. Ra7

Bc8 31. Nxh4 (31. Bxg6 fxg6 32. Qh6 Bxf2+ 33. Kxf2 Qb6+ 34. Qe3) 31... Qxh4 32.

Qe3 $14) (28... Kg7 $5 {Ftacnik Adams Rogers} 29. Qe3 Be7 30. h4 Bxh4 $140 $2

31. Bxg6 $1 Kxg6 32. Qe4+) 29. h4 $1 $40 {Ftacnik: Black's kingside is already

weak due to the absence of h pawn and this cunny idea threatens to shatter it

completely.} Re7 (29... Bxh4 30. Bxg6 $1 (30. Qh6 {Ftacnik} Be7 (30... Bf6 31.

Rxf7 $1 Kxf7 32. Bxg6+ Ke7 33. Qh7+ Kf8 34. Qf7#) 31. Bxg6 fxg6 32. Qxg6+ Kf8

33. Ng5 $18) 30... fxg6 31. Qh6 $18) (29... Bg7 {Ftacnik Adams} 30. Ng5 f5 31.

Bc2 e4 $13) 30. h5 $1 Bf5 (30... Rxa7 31. Rxa7 Qb6 32. Ra1 Kg7 (32... Bf5 {

Adams}) 33. hxg6 fxg6 34. Qc2 $40 (34. Qc2 {Ftacnik} Bb7 35. Bxg6 Bxd5 36. Bh5

$16)) (30... gxh5 {Ftacnik} 31. Qh6 Bg7 32. Qxh5 Rxa7 33. Rxa7 Rb7 34. Ra8 $16)

31. Qc2 (31. Bxf5 {Ftacnik} gxf5 32. R7a5 $14) 31... Qc8 (31... Rxa7 {Ftacnik}

32. Rxa7 Qb6 33. Ra1 Bxe4 34. Qxe4 gxh5 (34... Kg7 $14 {Adams}) 35. Qf5 Qd8 36.

Nd2 Be7 37. Qxh5 $16) 32. hxg6 fxg6 33. Nd2 $2 {Now Black gets a chance to

counterattack. Ftacnik: Innaccuracy that enables black to take his shot at

equality.} (33. R7a6 $1 Qd7 34. Nd2 $16) 33... Kf8 $2 (33... Rxa7 $1 34. Rxa7

Qc5 35. Ra1 (35. Ra6 Bh4 $40) (35. Bxf5 {Ftacnik} Qxa7 36. Bxg6 Bh4 37. Ne4 Qd7

38. Qe2 $13) 35... Bh4 $1 36. Rf1 Rf8 37. Nf3 Bd8 $13) 34. R7a6 $1 $16 Qd7 35.

Nf1 (35. Rc6 {Ftacnik Adams} Rf7 36. Raa6 Be7) 35... Rf7 (35... Bxe4 {Ftacnik}

36. Qxe4 Kg7 37. Qe3 Rf7 38. Ng3 $16) 36. Ng3 Be7 37. Ra7 Rb7 (37... Bxe4 {

Ftacnik} 38. Qxe4 Rb7 39. Rxb7 Qxb7 40. Qxg6 Qxd5 41. Nf5 $18) 38. Rxb7 Qxb7

39. Bxf5 gxf5 40. Nxf5 Qxd5 (40... Rf6 {Ftacnik} 41. Qe4 $18) 41. Qd2 $1 $18 {

Ftacnik: This move has a touch of genius, white transfers his queen into

attack with tempo.} Qc6 (41... Qxd2 {Ftacnik} 42. Ra8+ Bd8 43. Rxd8#) (41...

Qxd2) 42. Qh6+ Ke8 (42... Kg8 {Ftacnik} 43. Ra7 Qe8 44. Qg6+ Kf8 45. Nxe7 $18)

43. Qe6 (43. Qe6 {Ftacnik} Kf8 44. Ra7 Qe8 45. Nxe7 $18 Rxe7 46. Qxd6) 1-0

Alekhine, Alexander - Colle, Edgar, 1925 (Paris)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Paris"]

[Site "Paris"]

[Date "1925.??.??"]

[Round "6"]

[White "Alekhine, Alexander"]

[Black "Colle, Edgar"]

[Result "1-0"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "3r2k1/p2r1pp1/1pQ3p1/3P2q1/P7/6P1/5P1P/2R1R1K1 w - - 0 30"]

[PlyCount "7"]

[EventDate "1925.??.??"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventCountry "FRA"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

30. Qxd7 $1 Rxd7 31. Re8+ Kh7 32. Rcc8 Rd8 33. Rexd8 (33. Rcxd8 Qc1+ 34. Kg2 g5

) 1-0

Bazan, Osvaldo - Fischer, Robert James, 1960 (Mar del Plata)

Black to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Mar del Plata"]

[Site "Mar del Plata"]

[Date "1960.04.07"]

[Round "8"]

[White "Bazan, Osvaldo"]

[Black "Fischer, Robert James"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "D38"]

[Annotator "back-rank rooks"]

[PlyCount "66"]

[EventDate "1960.03.29"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "15"]

[EventCountry "ARG"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. Nf3 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 d5 4. d4 Bb4 5. cxd5 exd5 6. Bg5 h6 7. Bh4 c5 8. e3

Nc6 9. Be2 g5 10. Bg3 Ne4 11. Rc1 Qa5 12. O-O Bxc3 13. bxc3 Nxc3 14. Qe1 Nxe2+

15. Qxe2 c4 16. e4 Be6 17. Bc7 Qxc7 18. exd5 g4 19. Nd2 Nxd4 20. Qe4 Qf4 21.

Rxc4 Qxe4 22. Nxe4 Ne2+ 23. Kh1 Bd7 24. Re1 Kf8 25. Nf6 Bb5 26. Rb4 Ba6 27.

Nd7+ Ke7 28. Nc5 {#} Rhe8 29. Nxa6 Kd6 30. Rxb7 Ng3+ 31. hxg3 (31. fxg3 Rxe1#)

31... Rxe1+ 32. Kh2 Rc8 33. Rxf7 Rcc1 0-1

### Puzzles

##### Think it through, prepare your moves in your head and only then look at the games.

Cinak, Nilufer - Novak, Ksenija, 2002 (Bled ol (Women))

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Bled ol (Women)"]

[Site "Bled"]

[Date "2002.11.05"]

[Round "10"]

[White "Cinak, Nilufer"]

[Black "Novak, Ksenija"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "B50"]

[WhiteElo "2115"]

[BlackElo "2111"]

[Annotator "Dan"]

[PlyCount "94"]

[EventDate "2002.10.26"]

[EventType "team-tourn"]

[EventRounds "14"]

[EventCountry "SLO"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2002.11.25"]

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 e6 3. b3 Nc6 4. Bb2 d6 5. d4 cxd4 6. Nxd4 Nf6 7. Bd3 d5 8. Nxc6

bxc6 9. Nd2 Be7 10. Qe2 O-O 11. O-O c5 12. c4 dxe4 13. Nxe4 Bb7 14. Rad1 Nxe4

15. Bxe4 Qc8 16. Bxh7+ {Is this sound?} (16. Qg4 $5 {is a reasonable way to

keep up the pressure:} g6 17. Bxb7 Qxb7 18. Qf4 Qc6 19. Rde1 f5 20. Qe3) {it

is probably good enough for a draw, but no more.} 16... Kxh7 17. Qh5+ Kg8 18.

Bxg7 Kxg7 19. Rd3 $2 (19. Qg4+ $1 {was the correct follow-up, preventing the

bishop reaching the e4 square.} Kf6 $1 (19... Kh8 $2 20. Rd3 Be4 21. Rh3+ Bh7

22. Qh5) (19... Kh7 $2 20. Rd3) (19... Kh6 $2 20. Rd3 $18 Bg5 21. f4) 20. Qf4+

{drawing at best.} (20. Qh4+ $5 Kg6 21. Qxe7 Qc6 22. f3 Rae8 23. Qh4 f6 $15 {

White has drawing chances, but Black is obviously better.}) (20. f4 $1 {is the

best continuation:} Rg8 21. Qh4+ Kf5 $11 {forces the draw as g2 is en prise.} (

21... Kg6 $5 22. Qxe7 {a draw by perpetual is most likely, but both sides must

take care.} Kh6 (22... Rg7 23. Rd7 Be4 24. Rfd1 Kf5 25. R1d2 $40) 23. Qh4+ Kg7

24. Qe7 {a strange equilibrium has been reached:} Kh6 (24... Be4 $6 25. Rd7 Qe8

26. Qg5+ Kf8 27. Qxc5+ Kg7 28. Rfd1 $40)) 22. Qh7+ Rg6 $4 (22... Kf6 23. Qh4+)

23. Qh5+ $18 Kf6 24. Qe5#) 20... Kg6 21. Rd3 (21. Qg4+ Bg5 (21... Kf6 $11) 22.

f4 f6 23. fxg5 f5 24. Qg3 Kf7 25. Qe5 Qc6 26. Rf2 Ke7) 21... Bg5 22. Rg3 f6 23.

h4 e5 24. Qe3 Qc7 $17) {What is the flaw in White's idea?} 19... Be4 $1 {White

must take time out to capture the bishop, and Black is able to consolidate

with some ease due to to the stonking dark-squared bishop.} 20. Qe5+ (20. Rg3+

Bg6) 20... Bf6 21. Qxe4 Rh8 22. Rg3+ Kf8 23. Qf4 Bd4 24. Re1 Qd7 25. Qe4 Rd8

26. Rf3 Rh6 27. h4 Rf6 28. Rxf6 Bxf6 29. Qf4 Qd4 30. Re4 Qd1+ 31. Kh2 Qd6 32.

Qxd6+ Rxd6 33. Re2 Bxh4 34. f4 Bf6 35. g4 Bc3 36. Re3 Bb4 37. Re2 Rd2 38. Rxd2

Bxd2 39. Kg3 Ke7 40. Kf3 f6 41. Ke4 Kd6 42. f5 exf5+ 43. Kxf5 Bg5 44. Ke4 Ke6

45. a3 a5 46. a4 Bh6 47. Kd3 Ke5 0-1

Bareev, Evgeny - Akopian, Vladimir, 2000 (Dortmund SuperGM)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Dortmund SuperGM"]

[Site "Dortmund"]

[Date "2000.07.15"]

[Round "8"]

[White "Bareev, Evgeny"]

[Black "Akopian, Vladimir"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "E41"]

[WhiteElo "2702"]

[BlackElo "2660"]

[Annotator "Rh1 and ...Qh3+"]

[PlyCount "140"]

[EventDate "2000.07.07"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "9"]

[EventCountry "GER"]

[EventCategory "17"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2000.10.18"]

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. e3 c5 5. Bd3 d5 6. cxd5 exd5 (6... Nxd5 $5) 7.

Nge2 Nc6 8. a3 cxd4 (8... Bxc3+ 9. bxc3 $14) 9. axb4 {Critical.} (9. exd4 {

does not look dangerous after either} Bd6 ({or} 9... Be7)) 9... dxc3 10. b5 (

10. bxc3 $6 {leaves white looking a little sad on the light-squares.}) 10...

Ne5 11. Nxc3 {Strategically a very interesting position, and one of

considerable importance for theory. White can boast the bishop pair, the open

a-file, and the potential weakness of black's pawn on d5. In the latter

connection the possibility of manouevering a rook to d4, where the b5 pawn

affords it unusual tranquility should be borne in mind. Black has an active

knight on d5, good development, and the move with which he can decide on which

of white's minor plusses to concentrate.} Bg4 $5 (11... d4 {This liquidates

black's weakness, but it is instructive how much the bishop pair comes to life

on the open board here.} 12. exd4 Qxd4 13. Be2 Qxd1+ 14. Nxd1 $1 Bf5 (14... Nd5

15. Nc3 Be6 16. f4 {Black would have liked ...Nxc3 and ...Bc4, which this

prevents.} Nxc3 17. bxc3 Nc4 18. f5 Bd5 19. Ra4 Nb6 20. Rg4 g6 21. fxg6 hxg6

22. O-O {1/2-1/2 Knaak,R-Gruenberg,H/Potsdam 1985/MCL (48) and white has

excellent prospects on the dark squares.}) 15. Ra3 $5 O-O 16. Bf4 Rfe8 17. Ne3

Ng6 18. Bg3 Bd7 19. O-O Ne4 20. Rd1 Nxg3 21. hxg3 Nf8 22. Rda1 Rab8 23. Rxa7

Re5 24. R7a3 $16 {1-0 Sashikiran,K-Plaskett,J/Hampstead 1998/EXT 99 (54). The

knight on e3 is a tower of strength in this variation.}) (11... Qc7 $5 {Leaves

the structure unaffected, but has visions of counterplay on the king-side.} 12.

Be2 O-O 13. O-O Rd8 14. Qd4 b6 15. b3 (15. h3 $5) 15... Neg4 16. Bxg4 (16. g3

Nh6 $5) 16... Nxg4 17. f4 Bb7 18. Bb2 f6 19. Ra4 Qe7 20. Rf3 Nh6 21. Rh3 Nf5

22. Qd3 d4 23. Qxf5 g6 24. Rg3 dxc3 25. Bxc3 Rac8 26. Rc4 Rxc4 27. bxc4 Be4 28.

Qxf6 {1/2-1/2 Cebalo,M-Gligoric,S/Budva 1986/EXT 99 (28)}) 12. f3 Nxd3+ 13.

Qxd3 Be6 14. Qd4 a6 $1 (14... b6 $6 15. O-O O-O 16. b3 Qe7 17. Bb2 Rfd8 18.

Rfc1 Ne8 19. Ra4 f6 20. Rca1 Qf7 21. Ne2 Rdc8 22. Qd3 Rc7 23. Nd4 Bd7 24. Ra6

Rb7 25. Nc6 $16 {1-0 Raicevic,V-Marjanovic,S/Nis 1985/EXT 99 (40) might serve

as a model for the sort of smooth day out which white has in mind in this

variation.}) 15. bxa6 bxa6 {Now black has no weakness on a7 any more, and

white might find his b-pawn a little uncomfortable too in the event that he

fianchettoes his bishop.} 16. Bd2 O-O 17. Ne2 Re8 18. Bc3 Bd7 19. Nf4 (19. O-O

Qe7) 19... Bb5 20. Kf2 {This is the sort of position where white may not have

too much, but should be able to press gently in relative safety. I think this

increases the psychological effect of finding himself on the wrong end of a

dangerous initiative later.} Rc8 21. b3 {Stopping the entry of one rook, but

weakening the bishop on c3!} Re4 $1 {As I discussed in the strategy column,

such a sacrifice has a powerful psychological element since it completely

changes the nature of the play. From nurturing a minescule edge, to solving

practical problems, with the risk of losing back on the agenda.} 22. fxe4 Nxe4+

23. Kg1 Nxc3 24. h4 Ne4 25. Rd1 Qe8 26. Nxd5 h5 {I am sure that black is not

yet theoretically better, but white is required to solve very unusual and

uncomfortable developmental problems in return for the exchange.} 27. Nf4 Ng3

28. Rh3 Ne2+ 29. Nxe2 Bxe2 30. Rd2 Bg4 31. Rh1 Qe6 32. Kh2 Qxb3 33. Rb2 Qe6 34.

Rhb1 Kh7 {Black's positional compensation is enduring too!} 35. Rb6 Qe7 36. Kg3

Bf5 37. Rf1 Bg6 38. Rxa6 Rd8 39. Ra7 Qe8 40. Qf4 Rd5 41. e4 (41. Rf3 {looks

very passive, while}) (41. Rfa1 Rf5 42. Qd4 Qb8+ {is serious counterplay})

41... Rd4 42. Re1 Qc6 43. Rc7 Qb6 44. Kh2 Rb4 45. Re7 Qd8 46. Ra7 Rb2 47. Ra3

Qd4 48. Rf3 Qb4 49. Ree3 Qd2 50. Qg3 Rb1 51. Rf2 Qc1 52. Qf4 Qg1+ 53. Kg3 Qc1

54. Rfe2 Qc5 55. Rd2 Qc1 56. Ree2 Rb3+ 57. Kh2 Rb1 58. Qe3 Rb4 59. Rd5 Qc7+ 60.

Qg3 Qc4 61. Qf3 Qc7+ 62. g3 Qc1 63. Red2 Rb8 64. Rf2 Qc4 65. Qe2 Qc7 66. Qe3

Rb1 {It seems to be extremely difficult to make progress, especially since

black was able to force the weakness with g3. However, the following blunders

gives g3 a terrible role in the game.} 67. Qc5 $2 Bxe4 68. Rxh5+ $2 (68. Kh3

$13) 68... Kg8 69. Rg2 {Should Black liquidate, or...?} (69. Kh3 Qd7+ $19)

69... Qd7 {threatening ...Rh1+} 70. Qf2 (70. Re5 Rh1+ 71. Kxh1 Qh3+ 72. Kg1

Qxg2#) 70... Qd1 0-1

Sveshnikov, Evgeny - Sherbakov, Ruslan, 991 (URS-ch58)

Black will move g6, White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "URS-ch58"]

[Site "Moscow"]

[Date "1991.??.??"]

[Round "6"]

[White "Sveshnikov, Evgeny"]

[Black "Sherbakov, Ruslan"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "B30"]

[WhiteElo "2540"]

[BlackElo "2525"]

[Annotator "Blatny,P"]

[PlyCount "47"]

[EventDate "1991.11.??"]

[EventType "swiss"]

[EventRounds "11"]

[EventCountry "URS"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 e6 4. O-O Nge7 5. c3 a6 6. Ba4 b5 7. Bc2 d5 8. e5 {

/\9.d4 -- French} (8. d3 dxe4 9. dxe4 Qxd1 10. Rxd1 Bb7 {+/=/=}) 8... d4 {

/\d3,c4} 9. Be4 $8 {/^a8-h1} Bb7 10. a4 Ng6 11. axb5 axb5 12.

Rxa8 Bxa8 (12... Qxa8 13. Na3 $36) 13. Na3 Na7 (13... Qa5 14. Qe2 ) 14.

Bxa8 Qxa8 15. Qb3 Qb7 (15... dxc3 16. Nxb5 $1 Qb7 $4 17. Nd6+ $18) 16.

cxd4 cxd4 17. Nxd4 Bxa3 (17... b4 18. Qa4+ Qd7 (18... Kd8 19. Nc4 $40) 19. Nab5

Nxb5 20. Nxb5 Nxe5 21. d4 $40) 18. bxa3 Nxe5 (18... O-O 19. Nf3 Nc6 20. Bb2 $16

) 19. Bb2 Nc4 20. Qg3 O-O 21. Bc3 g6 (21... e5 22. Nf5 f6 23. Bb4 Rb8 (23...

Re8 24. d3) (23... Rd8 24. Be7) 24. d3 Nb6 25. Be7 g6 26. Bxf6 $18) {White to

play} 22. d3 Nb6 23. Qe5 $1 Nd7 (23... f6 24. Qxe6+ $18) 24. Qg7+ $3 (24. Qg7+

Kxg7 25. Nf5+ Kg8 26. Nh6#) 1-0

Hillarp-Persson, Tiger - Hansen, Sune Berg, 2005 (Sigeman Chess Tournament 2005)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Sigeman Chess Tournament 2005"]

[Site "Malmö"]

[Date "2005.??.??"]

[Round "2"]

[White "Hillarp-Persson, Tiger"]

[Black "Hansen, Sune Berg"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "E55"]

[Annotator "Qg6 pin "]

[PlyCount "77"]

[EventDate "2005.??.??"]

[Source "Chess Today"]

[SourceDate "2005.04.17"]

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. e3 O-O 5. Bd3 c5 6. Nf3 d5 7. O-O dxc4 8. Bxc4

Nbd7 9. Qe2 b6 10. a3 cxd4 11. Nb5 Be7 12. Nbxd4 Bb7 13. b4 a5 14. b5 Qc7 15.

Bb2 Rac8 16. Rac1 Qb8 17. Rfd1 Bd6 18. h3 Rfe8 19. Ba2 Bc5 20. Bb1 Qa8 21. Nc6

Bxc6 22. bxc6 Qxc6 23. Rc4 e5 24. Ba2 Qb7 25. Rh4 Re7 26. g4 h6 27. g5 hxg5 28.

Nxg5 Rce8 29. Qc2 Qc7 {With such active pieces, it is hardly surprising that

White has several powerful continuations. The only thing that the attack needs

is for the queen to enter the fray.} 30. Rxd7 $1 (30. Qg6 {isn't good enough:}

Nf8 $1 {knocks the queen back and covers the h7 square.} 31. Bxf7+ Rxf7 32.

Rh8+ Kxh8 33. Nxf7+ Kg8 34. Nh6+ Kh8 35. Nf7+ $11) (30. Rh7 $5 e4 31. Rxd7 Qxd7

32. Bxf6 gxf6 33. Rxf7 Kh8 34. Rxf6 Kg7 35. Rf4) (30. Qf5 $1 {is powerful.

Many different mating combinations appear:} Nf8 31. Bxe5 Rxe5 (31... Qc8 32.

Qxf6 gxf6 33. Bxf6 Ng6 34. Rh7 Qf5 35. Rg7+ Kh8 (35... Kf8 36. Nh7#) 36. Rxg6+

Qxf6 37. Rxf6 $18) (31... Qc6 32. Bb2 $40 (32. Nxf7 Rxf7 33. Bxf6 Qxf6 34. Qxf6

gxf6 35. Rg4+ Ng6 36. Rxg6+ Kf8 37. Bxf7 Kxf7 38. Rg4 Bxa3 {isn't as clear as

one might like.})) (31... Qxe5 32. Bxf7+ Rxf7 33. Rh8+) 32. Bxf7+ Qxf7 33. Rh8+

Kxh8 34. Nxf7+ Kg8 35. Nxe5 $18) 30... Qxd7 (30... Rxd7 31. Qg6 {is similar})

31. Qg6 $1 {Without the second knight Black has no defence.} Bxe3 32. Rh7 $1

Bxf2+ 33. Kh2 Bg1+ 34. Kh1 Qc6+ 35. Kxg1 Qc5+ 36. Kf1 Qb5+ 37. Ke1 Nh5 38. Rh8+

Kxh8 39. Qh7# 1-0

Marin, Mihail - Kiselev, Sergey, 1997 (Ciocaltea mem)

Black to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Ciocaltea mem"]

[Site "Bucharest"]

[Date "1997.??.??"]

[Round "4"]

[White "Marin, Mihail"]

[Black "Kiselev, Sergey"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "E11"]

[WhiteElo "2545"]

[BlackElo "2485"]

[Annotator "Qh6 sac / Nh6 mate"]

[PlyCount "49"]

[EventDate "1997.03.??"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "13"]

[EventCountry "ROM"]

[EventCategory "10"]

[SourceDate "2005.04.21"]

1. Nf3 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. g3 d5 4. d4 Bb4+ 5. Bd2 Be7 6. Bg2 O-O 7. O-O c6 8. Qc2

b6 9. Rd1 Ba6 10. b3 Nbd7 11. a4 Rc8 12. a5 c5 13. axb6 Qxb6 14. Qa2 Nb8 15.

Ba5 Qd6 16. Nbd2 cxd4 17. Nxd4 Bd8 18. cxd5 Nxd5 19. Nc4 Qc5 20. Nf5 Nb4 21.

Qd2 N4c6 22. Bxc6 Nxc6 {Should Black exchange bishop for knight on c4, or

recapture the knight on f5 straightaway?} 23. Bc3 Bxc4 {Diagram #} (23... Qxf5

24. Nd6 Qh5 25. Rxa6 Rc7 $14) 24. Qh6 $3 gxh6 25. Nxh6# 1-0

Yates, Frederick - Reti, Richard, 1924 (New York)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "New York"]

[Site "New York"]

[Date "1924.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Yates, Frederick"]

[Black "Reti, Richard"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "B18"]

[PlyCount "51"]

[EventDate "1924.03.16"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "22"]

[EventCountry "USA"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Bf5 5. Ng3 Bg6 6. Nf3 Nd7 7. c3 Ngf6 8.

Bc4 e6 9. Qe2 Be7 10. O-O O-O 11. Re1 Nd5 12. Bb3 a5 13. a3 Qc7 14. c4 Nf4 15.

Bxf4 Qxf4 16. Rad1 Bf6 17. Bc2 Rfd8 18. Bxg6 hxg6 19. Ne4 Nb6 20. b3 Be7 21.

Rd3 Bxa3 22. Ne5 Qh4 23. Rh3 Qe7 24. Ng5 Qxg5 (24... f6 25. Nxg6) 25. Rh8+ Kxh8

26. Nxf7+ 1-0

Jussupow, Artur - Ivanchuk, Vassily, 1991 (Candidates qf3)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Candidates qf3"]

[Site "Brussels"]

[Date "1991.??.??"]

[Round "8"]

[White "Jussupow, Artur"]

[Black "Ivanchuk, Vassily"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "E43"]

[WhiteElo "2625"]

[BlackElo "2735"]

[Annotator "Lautier"]

[PlyCount "75"]

[EventDate "1991.08.??"]

[EventType "match"]

[EventRounds "8"]

[EventCountry "BEL"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. e3 b6 5. Bd3 Bb7 6. Nf3 O-O 7. O-O c5 8. Bd2

cxd4 9. exd4 d5 10. cxd5 Nxd5 11. Rc1 Nc6 12. Re1 Rc8 13. Re4 Nce7 14. Nxd5

Nxd5 15. Rh4 g6 16. Rxc8 Qxc8 17. Ng5 Be7 $1 18. Qg4 Ba6 $6 19. Qh3 h5 20. Rxh5

$1 (20. Bxa6 $2 {Yusupov} Qxa6 {/\Qe2-/+}) 20... gxh5 21. Bh7+ Kg7 (21... Kh8

22. Qxh5 Nf6 23. Qh4 (23. Qh6 $2 Ng4 (23... Bc4 {Ftacnik} 24. Bb1+ Kg8 25. Nh7

Nd5 26. Nxf8 $18) (23... Ng4 {Yusupov} 24. Qh3 $40)) 23... Bb7 (23... Kg7 $140

24. Nxe6+ $1 $16) 24. Bb1+ Kg8 25. Nh7 $1 $18) 22. Qxh5 Nf6 $2 {#} (22... Bb4

$6 23. Nxf7 Rxf7 24. Qh6+ (24. Bg5 $6 Qe8 (24... Kf8 25. Bg6 Rg7 26. Qh8+ Rg8

27. Qh7 Rg7 28. Bh6 Qc1+ 29. Bxc1 Rxh7 30. Bxh7 $146) 25. Qh6+ Kh8 26. Bf5+ Kg8

27. Bxe6 Bd3 $19) 24... Kh8 25. Bf5+ Kg8 26. Qg6+ (26. Bxe6 $2 Qc2 (26... Bxd2

$2 27. Qg6+ $18) 27. Qg5+ (27. Bxf7+ {Yusupov} Kxf7 28. Qh5+ $10) 27... Kh8 28.

Qe5+ Rg7 29. Qh5+ Qh7 30. Qe8+ Rg8 31. Bxg8 Qb1+ 32. Be1 (32. Qe1 Qxe1+ 33.

Bxe1 Kxg8 $19) 32... Nf6 $19) 26... Kh8 (26... Rg7 $2 27. Bxe6+ Kh8 28. Qh5+

Rh7 29. Qe5+ $18) (26... Kf8 $2 27. Bxe6 $16) 27. Bxe6 $1 (27. Qh6+ $10) 27...

Qg8 28. Qxf7 Qxf7 29. Bxf7 Bxd2 30. Bxd5 Bc1 31. b3 Bb2 $14) (22... Bxg5 $1 23.

Bxg5 (23. Qxg5+ {Ftacnik} Kxh7 24. Qh6+ Kg8 25. Qg5+ $10) 23... f6 24. Be4 (24.

Qg6+ Kh8 25. Bh6 (25. Qh6 Rf7) (25. Bg8 Qd7) 25... Qc7 $1 26. Bxf8 Qc1#) 24...

Rh8 (24... f5 25. Bh6+ Kf6 26. Qg5+ Kf7 27. Qg7+ $18) 25. Qg6+ Kf8 26. Bxd5

exd5 27. Qxf6+ Kg8 28. Qg6+ Kf8 29. Qf6+ $10 (29. h4 $6 Qd7 {followed by ...Qf7

}) (29. Bd2 {Yusupov} Qc4 30. h3 {Nunn;/\a3+-})) (22... f6 {Ftacnik} 23. Nxe6+

Qxe6 24. Qh6+ $18) (22... Be2 $5 {Ftacnik} 23. g4 $5 (23. f3 {Yusupov} Nf6 24.

Nxe6+ fxe6 25. Qh6+ Kh8 26. Bf5+ Kg8 27. Qg5+ Kh8 28. Qh4+ Kg7 29. Qg3+ Kh8 30.

Qh3+ Kg7 31. Bxe6 $18)) {What did White play now, and why?} 23. Nxe6+ $1 fxe6 (

23... Qxe6 24. Qh6+ Kh8 25. Bf5+ Kg8 26. Bxe6 fxe6 27. Qg6+ Kh8 28. Bh6 Rg8 29.

Qf7 Bd8 30. Bf4 $18) 24. Qh6+ Kh8 25. Bf5+ Kg8 26. Qg5+ Kh8 27. Qh4+ Kg8 28.

Qg5+ Kh8 (28... Kf7 29. Qg6#) 29. Qh4+ Kg8 30. Qg3+ Kh8 31. Qh3+ Kg7 32. Qg3+

Kh8 33. Qh3+ Kg7 34. Bxe6 (34. Qh6+ Kg8) 34... Qxe6 (34... Rh8 {Ftacnik} 35.

Qg3+ Kf8 36. Bxc8 Bxc8 37. Qb8 $16) (34... Qc2 35. Qh6#) 35. Qxe6 Bd8 $6 (35...

Re8 {was more stubborn.} 36. Bg5 Bb5 37. h4 $40) 36. g4 Re8 37. Qf5 Bc4 38. g5

(38. g5 Ne4 (38... Nd5 39. Qd7+ Kf8 40. g6 $18) (38... Ng8 39. d5 $18) (38...

Nh7 {Yusupov} 39. d5 $18) 39. Bf4 $1 $18) 1-0

Bruzon, Lazaro - Jobava, Baadur, 2005 (Capablanca Memorial Elite)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Capablanca Memorial Elite"]

[Site "Havana CUB"]

[Date "2005.05.15"]

[Round "10"]

[White "Bruzon, Lazaro"]

[Black "Jobava, Baadur"]

[Result "1-0"]

[ECO "A45"]

[WhiteElo "2669"]

[BlackElo "2637"]

[Annotator "Dan"]

[PlyCount "41"]

[EventDate "2005.05.06"]

[EventType "tourn"]

[EventRounds "14"]

[EventCountry "CUB"]

[EventCategory "15"]

[Source "Chess Today"]

[SourceDate "2005.05.17"]

1. d4 Nf6 2. Bg5 Ne4 3. Bf4 d5 4. e3 c5 5. Bd3 Nc6 6. Bxe4 dxe4 7. Ne2 cxd4 8.

exd4 Bg4 9. h3 Bxe2 10. Qxe2 Qxd4 11. Nc3 e5 12. Be3 Qb4 13. O-O-O Be7 14. Qg4

Kf8 15. Nd5 Qa5 16. Nxe7 Nxe7 17. Qd7 Rc8 {#} 18. Bc5 $1 Re8 (18... Qxc5 19.

Qd8+ Rxd8 20. Rxd8#) 19. Rd5 Qa6 20. Qxe7+ Rxe7 21. Rd8# 1-0

Vidmar - Euwe, 1929 (Karlsbad)

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Karlsbad"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "1929.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Vidmar"]

[Black "Euwe"]

[Result "1-0"]

[SetUp "1"]

[FEN "6k1/5pb1/1p1N3p/p5p1/5q2/Q6P/PPr5/3RR2K w - - 0 1"]

[PlyCount "7"]

[EventDate "1929.??.??"]

1. Re8+ Bf8 (1... Kh7 2. Qd3+) 2. Rxf8+ Kxf8 (2... Kg7 3. Rxf7+) 3. Nf5+ Ke8 (

3... Kg8 4. Qf8+ Kxf8 (4... Kh7 5. Qg7#) 5. Rd8#) 4. Qe7# 1-0

Rozentalis, Eduardas - Kozul, Zdenko

White to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "Bled ol (Men)"]

[Site "Bled"]

[Date "2002.11.04"]

[Round "9"]

[White "Rozentalis, Eduardas"]

[Black "Kozul, Zdenko"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "B22"]

[WhiteElo "2563"]

[BlackElo "2565"]

[Annotator "Dan"]

[PlyCount "66"]

[EventDate "2002.10.26"]

[EventType "team-tourn"]

[EventRounds "14"]

[EventCountry "SLO"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2002.11.25"]

1. e4 c5 2. c3 Nf6 3. e5 Nd5 4. Nf3 Nc6 5. Bc4 e6 6. O-O d6 7. d4 cxd4 8. cxd4

Be7 9. Qe2 O-O 10. Re1 a6 11. Nc3 dxe5 12. dxe5 Nxc3 13. bxc3 Qa5 {#} 14. Bd3

Qxc3 ({Interestingly, Kozul declined this pawn in a later game...} 14... Rd8

15. Bg5 h6 16. Bxe7 Nxe7 17. Rad1 Bd7 18. Qe4 Ng6 19. Qxb7 Nf4 20. Qe4 Nxd3 21.

Rxd3 Bb5 22. c4 Rxd3 23. Qxa8+ Rd8 24. Qe4 Be8 25. Qe2 Bc6 26. Rb1 Qc3 27. h3

a5 28. Rb3 Qc1+ 29. Kh2 Qf4+ 30. g3 Qc1 31. Rd3 Rb8 32. Rd1 Qa3 33. Rd3 Qc5 34.

Rb3 Rc8 35. Qe3 Qxc4 36. Rc3 Qxa2 $19 {0-1 Lazar,A-Kozul,Z/Ljubjana 2004/CBM

101 ext (60)}) 15. Bg5 {In this way, White takes control over the g5 square

and engineers the Greek Gift.} Bxg5 16. Bxh7+ (16. Nxg5 h6 17. Qe4 Rd8 {

threatening two pieces. The incursion on h7 is not serious.}) 16... Kxh7 17.

Nxg5+ {First question - where should the king move to? The first choice for

Black. g8, g6, or h6...?} Kg6 (17... Kg8 $2 18. Qh5 Qd3 (18... Rd8 19. Qxf7+

Kh8 20. Qh5+ Kg8 21. Qh7+ Kf8 22. Qh8+ Ke7 23. Qxg7+ Ke8 24. Qf7#) 19. Re4 $18)

(17... Kh6 $2 {Gives White more possibilities.} 18. Qe4 Kxg5 (18... f5 19. Qh4+

Kg6 20. Qh7+ Kxg5 21. f4+ Kg4 22. Qg6+ Kxf4 23. g3+ $18) 19. Qh7 $18) 18. Qe4+

(18. Qg4 Nxe5 19. Qh4 f5 $1 {...shielding the king. This transposes to the

game.} (19... Nd7 20. Rac1 (20. Qh7+ $2 Kxg5 21. h4+ Kf6) 20... Qa5 21. Nh3 e5

22. Re3 (22. Qg5+ $2 Kh7 23. Qh5+ Kg8 24. Ng5 Nf6) 22... Nf6 (22... Qd2 23.

Rg3+ Kf5 24. Qg4+ Kf6 25. Rd1 Qxa2 26. Qh4+ Ke6 27. Ng5+ Ke7 28. Nh7+ Ke8 29.

Nxf8 $18) 23. Rg3+ Bg4 (23... Kf5 24. Nf4 $3) 24. Rxg4+ Nxg4 25. Qxg4+ Kf6 26.

Qg5+ Ke6 27. Nf4+ Kd6 28. Rd1+ Kc6 29. Nd3 $44 {a highly unclear position has

arisen.} Rad8 30. Rc1+ Kd6 31. Qxg7) 20. Qh7+ Kf6 (20... Kxg5 $2 21. Qxg7+ Kh5

22. Qh7+ Kg5 23. f4+ Kxf4 24. Qh6+ Kg4 25. h3+ Kg3 26. Re3+ Qxe3+ 27. Qxe3+)

21. Qh4 Kg6 $11 {is a draw , or Black can play for more with} (21... Ng6 22.

Nh7+ (22. Ne4+ Kf7 23. Ng5+ Ke7 24. Qh5 Nf4 25. Qh4 Ne2+ 26. Kf1 Qd4) 22... Kf7

23. Qh5 Rh8 24. Rac1 Rxh7 (24... Qa3 25. Rc7+ $18) (24... Qa5 25. Ng5+ Kf6 26.

Ne4+ Kf7 27. Nd6+ Kf6 28. Ne4+ $11) 25. Qxh7 Qd2 26. Qh5 {If I were Black I

wouldn't be desperate to rush into this, but it might be possible to survive;

and if you survive, you might win!} Kf6 27. Red1 Qf4 28. Rc3 Qg4 29. Qxg4 fxg4

30. Rd8 Ne7 $17 {Black needs to unravel, but once that happens he should have

winning chances, in spite of White's activity.})) (18. h4 $5 f5 (18... Rh8 19.

Qe4+ f5 20. exf6+ Kxf6 21. Qf4+ Kg6 22. Qf7+ Kh6 23. g4 g6 24. Ne4 Qh3 25. g5+

Kh5 26. Ng3+ $18) 19. exf6 Qxf6 20. g4 $5 {with the idea Qe4+} Kh6 21. Nxe6 (

21. Qc2 g6 $1 (21... Qg6 22. Qd2 Rg8 23. Qf4 e5 24. Nf7+ Kh7 25. Ng5+ Kh8 26.

Nf7+ Kh7 27. Ng5+ $11) 22. Nxe6 Qxe6 23. Rxe6 Bxe6 {should be better for Black,

but it is still tricky.}) 21... Qxe6 22. Qd2+ Kh7 23. Rxe6 Bxe6 24. Rb1 {

should be better for Black but very tricky.}) {Second question. How should

Black proceed?} 18... f5 $1 (18... Kxg5 $4 19. Qh7 $1 g6 (19... Qxe5 20. Rxe5+

Nxe5 21. f4+ Kxf4 22. Rf1+ Kg5 23. h4+ Kg4 24. Qxg7+ Kxh4 25. Qh6+ Kg4 26. Rf4+

Kg3 27. Qh4#) (19... Nxe5 20. Qxg7+ Kf5 21. g4+ Kf4 22. Qf6+ Kxg4 23. Re4+ Kh5

24. Rh4#) 20. h4+ Kf5 21. Qh6 f6 22. g4+ Kxg4 23. Re4+ Kh3 24. Rae1 (24. Qc1

Qxc1+ 25. Rxc1)) 19. Qh4 ({White cannot capture:} 19. exf6+ $2 Kxg5 20. Qh7 (

20. fxg7 Qxg7 21. Rad1 e5 22. Re3 Kh5 23. Rg3 Qf6 24. Rf3 Qh6 25. h3 Be6 26.

Rd6 Qg6 27. Qxg6+ Kxg6 28. Rxe6+ Kg5 29. Rb3 Rf7) 20... Kxf6 {and the king

returns}) 19... Nxe5 20. Rac1 (20. Qh7+ Kf6 (20... Kxg5 $2 21. Qxg7+ Kh5 22.

Qh7+ Kg5 23. f4+ Kxf4 24. Qh6+ Kg4 25. h3+ Kg3 26. Re3+) 21. Qh4 {, as in the

variations above, probably represents White's best hope.} Ng6 22. Nh7+ Kf7 23.

Qh5 Rh8 24. Rac1 Rxh7 25. Qxh7 Qd2 26. Qh5 {If I were Black I wouldn't be

desperate to play into this, but it might be possible to survive, and if you

survive, you win!}) 20... Qd2 $19 {attacking the knight on g5, and so gaining

a vital tempo.} 21. Nh3 Ng4 22. Red1 Qh6 23. Qe7 Rf7 24. Qd8 Rd7 25. Qe8+ (25.

Rxd7 Bxd7) 25... Kh7 26. f4 Nf6 27. Qf8 Rxd1+ 28. Rxd1 Ne4 29. Ng5+ Nxg5 30.

fxg5 Qxg5 31. Rd8 Bd7 {A very neat winning move.} 32. Rxa8 Qe3+ 33. Kf1 Bb5#

0-1

Azmaiparashvili, Zurab - Shirov, Alexei, 2002 (FIDE GP)

Black to move. Click

here to see the game.

[Event "FIDE GP"]

[Site "Dubai"]

[Date "2002.04.05"]

[Round "3.3"]

[White "Azmaiparashvili, Zurab"]

[Black "Shirov, Alexei"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "A07"]

[WhiteElo "2676"]

[BlackElo "2715"]

[Annotator "Horn,Pe"]

[PlyCount "66"]

[EventDate "2002.04.03"]

[EventType "k.o. (rapid)"]

[EventRounds "5"]

[EventCountry "UAE"]

[Source "ChessBase"]

[SourceDate "2002.08.12"]

1. g3 d5 2. Bg2 Nf6 3. d3 c6 4. Nd2 Bg4 5. h3 Bh5 6. Ngf3 Nbd7 7. O-O e5 8. e4

Bd6 9. exd5 cxd5 10. g4 $146 ({Die Erfahrungen mit} 10. c4 {sind nicht

schlecht:} O-O (10... d4 11. Qe2 O-O 12. g4 Bg6 13. Nh4 Nc5 14. Nxg6 hxg6 15.

b4 $16 {King,D-Norwood,D/Germany 1994/GER-chT}) 11. cxd5 Nxd5 12. Qb3 (12. Nc4

$5 Bc7 13. Qb3 N5b6 14. Bg5 $1 Qe8 15. Rfe1 (15. Rac1 Nxc4 $2 16. Qxc4 $14 {

Hodgson,J-De la Villa Garcia,J/Dos Hermanas 1992}) 15... Kh8 16. Bd2 f6 17. Bb4

Rg8 18. Nd4 $14 {Norwood,D-Girinath,P/Calcutta 1994}) 12... N5b6 (12... N5f6

13. Nc4 (13. Ne4 Nxe4 14. dxe4 Nc5 15. Qd5 Bxf3 16. Bxf3 Qf6 17. Bg2 Rfd8 18.

Be3 Bf8 19. Qc4 Nd3 $10 {Norwood-Adams/BCF-ch/1989}) 13... Nc5 (13... Bc7 14.

Be3 b6 15. Rfe1 Rc8 $6 (15... a6 16. d4) (15... Re8 $5) (15... Rb8 16. d4) 16.

d4 Bxf3 (16... exd4 17. Nxd4 $16) (16... e4 17. Nfe5 {Xc6,e4}) 17. Bxf3 e4 (

17... exd4 18. Bxd4 $16) 18. Bg2 Re8 (18... a6 $1) 19. Rac1 $16 {Vaganian,

R-Torre,E/Moscow olm/1994} (19. Qb5 $5)) 14. Qa3 e4 (14... Bxf3 15. Bxf3 Be7

16. Nxe5 Ncd7 17. Qc3 Rc8 18. Qe1 Bc5 19. Nxd7 Qxd7 20. Kg2 $14 {Vaganian,

R-Kaidanov,G/Glendale/1994}) 15. dxe4 Ncxe4 16. Nxd6 Qxd6 17. Qxd6 Nxd6 18. Bf4

$14 {Kogan,A-Jonkman,H/Lisbon 2000}) 13. Ne4 Be7 14. a4 (14. Be3 Kh8 15. Rac1

$14 {Bricard,E-Stefansson,H/Bischwiller 1999}) 14... Kh8 $1 (14... a5 15. Be3

Bb4 16. Rfc1 Kh8 17. Nc5 (17. d4 $5) 17... Nxc5 18. Bxc5 Bxc5 19. Rxc5 f6 $11 {

Foisor,C-Delgado Crespo,M/Benasque 2001}) (14... Rb8 $2 15. a5 Nc8 16. d4 $1

$16 {Ivanov,M-Kharitonov,A/Moscow 1995}) 15. a5 f5 $1 $132 {Vaganian,

R-Khalifman,A/Eupen 1994}) 10... Bg6 11. Nh4 O-O 12. Nxg6 hxg6 13. c4 Nc5 14.

Nb3 (14. cxd5 Nxd3 15. Qb3 Nf4) 14... dxc4 15. dxc4 Qc7 16. Be3 (16. Nxc5 $6 {

nutzt nur Schwarz.} Bxc5 $132) 16... e4 $5 17. Nxc5 (17. g5 $2 {erreicht nach}

Nfd7 $132 {nichts.}) 17... Bxc5 18. Bxc5 Qxc5 19. Qe2 Rfe8 20. Rac1 ({

Naheliegend war die Besetzung der offenen Linie mit} 20. Rad1 {, da} e3 $6 {mit

} 21. Bxb7 {beantwortet werden kann.}) 20... Rad8 21. Rc3 Rd4 22. Qe3 Red8 23.

Re1 Qb4 24. g5 (24. a3 Qxb2 25. Rb3 Qc2 26. Rxb7 Rxc4 27. Rxa7 Rd1 {bereitet

Schwarz keine Probleme.}) 24... Rd3 $2 (24... Nh7 25. Bxe4 Qxb2 $11) 25. Qc1 (

25. Rxd3 Rxd3 26. Qc1 Nh5 27. Rxe4 Rd2 28. a3 Qxb2 29. Qxb2 Rxb2 30. Re8+ Kh7

31. Re7 $16) 25... Nh5 26. Bxe4 Rd2 27. Bd5 {Here Black sacrificed the

exchange, and the game concluded:} R8xd5 28. cxd5 Qf4 29. Rf3 $2 ({Mit mehr

Zeit wäre Azmaiparashvili das hübsche} 29. Re8+ Kh7 30. Qxd2 $1 Qxd2 31. Rcc8

Qxg5+ 32. Kf1 (32. Kh2 Qf4+ 33. Kg2 g5 34. Rh8+ Kg6) 32... Ng3+ 33. Ke1 $18 {

bestimmt eingefallen.} (33. fxg3 Qf5+ 34. Kg2 g5) 33... Qe5+ 34. Rxe5) 29...

Qxf3 $19 30. Qxd2 Nf4 31. Qxf4 Qxf4 32. Rd1 Qxg5+ 33. Kf1 Kf8 {What did White

overlook?} 0-1

I know it has been a long read, but imagine how long it took me to write it! This is not something you read once, but a post that you return to again and again to rehearse the games and maintain the feel for these interesting mates.

Also, there are some inconsistencies between the start of the game and the pictures, also the puzzles are not very clear. It should have a text that explains what you are to try to do. And there are comments in German in the PGNs, as well. I am going to address this.